46 Int'l Migration Rev. 3 (2012)

handle is hein.journals/imgratv46 and id is 1 raw text is: 


Pathways to El Norte: Origins,

Destinations, and Characteristics of

Mexican Migrants to the United States'

Fernando Riosmena
University of Colorado

Douglas S. Massey
Princeton University

    The  geography  Mexican   migration to  the U.S.  has experienced
    deep transformations in both its origin composition and the desti-
    nations chosen  by  migrants. To  date, however,  we  know   little
    about how  shifting migrant origins and destinations may be linked
    to each another geographically and, ultimately, structurally as rela-
    tively similar brands of economic restructuring have been posited
    to drive the shifts in origins and destinations. In this paper, we
    describe how old and new  migrant networks  have combined  to fuel
    the well-documented  geographic  expansion of Mexican   migration.
    We  use data from  the 2006  Mexican  National  Survey of Popula-
    tion Dynamics,  a nationally representative survey that for the first
    time  collected information on  U.S.  state of destination for all
    household members   who  had been  to the U.S. during  the 5 years
    prior to the survey. We  find that the growth  in immigration  to
    southern and  eastern states is disproportionately fueled by undocu-
    mented  migration  from  non-traditional origin regions located in
    Central and  Southeastern Mexico and  from  rural areas in particu-
    lar. We argue that economic  restructuring in the U.S. and Mexico
    had  profound  consequences not  only for the magnitude  but  also
    for the geography of Mexican   migration, opening up  new  region-
    to-region flows.

'We thank Luis Felipe Ramos Martinez and Jorge Valencia for guidance with the use of
the ENADID  data and Nancy D. Mann for her careful editing and suggestions. We
acknowledge administrative and computing support from the NICHD-funded University
of Colorado Population Center (grant R21 HD51146).

D 2012 by the Center for Migration Studies of New York. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2012.00879.x

IMR Volume  46 Number  1 (Spring 2012):3-36 3

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