44 Int'l Migration Rev. 3 (2010)

handle is hein.journals/imgratv44 and id is 1 raw text is: 


 Crime Victimization in Latin America

 and Intentions to Migrate to the

 United States

 Charles H. Wood
 Chris L. Gibson
 University of Florida

Ludmila Ribeiro

Paula Hamsho-Diaz
University of Florida

    Among  the challenges faced by Latin America at the onset of the 21st
    century is the increase in crime and violence that began in the mid-
    1980s, and which, to one degree or another, has afflicted most coun-
    tries in the region. In this study we explore the potential implications
    of the upsurge in crime on migration by testing the hypothesis that
    crime victimization in Latin America increases the probability that
    people have given serious thought to the prospect of migrating with
    their families to the United States. Using Latinobarometro public
    opinion surveys of approximately 49,000 respondents residing in 17
    countries in 2002, 2003, and 2004, the results of a Hierarchical Gen-
    eralized Linear Model found that, net of individual and country-level
    control variables, the probability of seriously considering family
    migration to the United States was around 30 percent higher among
    respondents who reported that they or a member of their family was
    a victim of a crime sometime during the year prior to the survey. Evi-
    dence that victimization promotes the propensity to emigrate is a
    finding that contributes to an understanding of the transnational con-
    sequences of the increase in crime in Latin America, and adds a new
    variable to the inventory of factors that encourage people to migrate
    to the United States.

The  increase in crime and violence that began in the 1980s on the streets
of Latin America has sadly become a defining characteristic of nearly every
country in the region as it enters the 21st century (Davis, 2006). The
crime surge is reflected in the number of homicides recorded per 100,000

D 2010 by the Center for Migration Studies of New York. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2009.00796.x

IMR Volume  44 Number  1 (Spring 2010):3-24 3

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