43 Int'l Migration Rev. 3 (2009)

handle is hein.journals/imgratv43 and id is 1 raw text is: 


               INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW



 The Path to Asylum in the US and the

 Determinants for Who Gets In and Whf

Andy J. Rottman
University of Colorado

Christopher J. Fariss
University of California, San Diego

Steven C. Poe
University ofNorth Texas

    The  migration of political asylum seekers into the United States has long
    been  a salient political topic; however, social scientists have yet to examine
    this process in its entirety and in the context of political changes since
    September  11, 2001. Previous research shows that humanitarian and strategic
    interests are important for decisions made by asylum officers but that research
    overlooks  the decisions made  by immigration  judges. Here  we examine
    decisions made by both  asylum officers and immigration judges using data
    from  a global set of countries, from 1999 to 2004. We find that the waning
    importance  of human   rights is more pronounced for asylum officers than
    for immigration judges after the attack on the World Trade Center. We also
    find that language heritage, specifically for asylum seekers from English-,
    Spanish-, and Arabic-speaking countries, substantially affects acceptance rates
    made  by both decision-makers between the two time periods of our study.

INTRODUCTION

In 2005, the United  States Commission  on  International Religious Freedom,
a bipartisan federal commission,  expressed  concern that the  US  had been
improperly  processing many asylum  seekers for deportation and requested that

*An earlier version of this article was presented at the International Studies Association
Conference in Chicago, IL, USA on February 28-March 3, 2007. We would like to thank the
editors of IMR, several anonymous reviewers, Mark Gibney, Michael Greig, Micah Gell-Redman,
Idean Salehyan, and the rest of the faculty and graduate students at the University of North Texas
for their helpful comments on earlier drafts of this paper. Please direct all correspondences to
cfariss@ucsd.edu. The appendix mentioned in the text of this article is only available in the
online version. To access the data used in this project please visit http://dvn.iq.harvard.edu/dvn/
dv/CJFariss. Lastly, Andy and Chris would like to honor the memory of Steve Poe, who passed
away before this project was completed. We are forever grateful for the time spent with Steve as
not just students and colleagues but also as friends.

 2009 by the Center for Migration Studies of New York. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2008.01145.x


IMRVolume   43 Number  1 (Spring 2009):3-34


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