25 Int'l Migration Rev. 4 (1991)

handle is hein.journals/imgratv25 and id is 1 raw text is: 




Immigration and Living

Arrangements: Elderly Women

in   Canadal


Monica  Boyd
Carleton University

      The foreign-born elderly in Canada include persons who immigrated
      as young adults but have now grown old, as well as persons who have
      immigrated late in life, usually under the auspices of family reunifica-
      tion. Considerable diversity exists among the elderly as a result of
      these echoes of past and current migration flows. Yet, the implication
      of such diversity has not been extensively researched. This article
      examines variation in living with family among the elderly by age-at-
      immigration groups. Previously married elderly women  who arrived
      as children or as young  adults are less likely than other groups,
      including the native born, to live with family. The percentage living
      with family instead of living alone or with a nonrelative is highest for
      women  immigrating  at age 65 or later. Socioeconomic correlates of
      these patterns are examined.

In industrial nations, social scientists, politicians and the general public
increasingly are aware of the aging of the population. This phrase refers
to the expectation that a sizeable portion of national populations will be
elderly within several decades. In anticipation of population aging, consid-
erable research already exists on the pensions of the elderly, their living
arrangements,  their contacts with other family members  and their emo-
tional and physical well-being.
   Generally, international migration flows are not incorporated in such
studies. Yet, immigration has both direct and indirect implications for many
investigations of aging and the elderly. The direct implication is that immi-

     This article is a revision of a paper Family Migration and Living Arrangements: The Case
of Elderly Immigrants in Cananda, presented at the annual meeting of the Population
Association ofnAmerica, New Orleans, April 1988. The author thanks Chris Taylor, Employment
and Immigration Canada, for helpful comments on the earlier draft and for facilitating the
procurement of unpublished tabulations on immigration flows. Analysis of the 1981 PUST data
was conducted at Carleton University and was financed through a faculty computer account.
Earlier drafts of the paper were written while the author was a Visiting Scholar (1987-1988) in
the Social and Analytical Studies Division, Statistics Canada.


4   IMR  Volume xxv, No. 1

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