18 Int'l Migration Rev. 4 (1984)

handle is hein.journals/imgratv18 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Haitian Emigration

In The Early Twentieth Century

Glenn  Perusek
University of Chicago

     Standard migration theories see receiving countries as the dynamic
     agent which pull migrants to them. These theories, while useful for
     explaining many cases, appear inadequate for the case of labor mi-
     gration from Haiti to Cuba and the Dominican Republic in the early
     twentieth century. This article examines this history and offers an
     alternative theoretical framework for explaining this migration flow.
     It is argued that the prime cause of migration from Haiti is factors in
     the sending country.

Haiti has a long history as a country with a strong pattern of emigration.
This article seeks to present the case of Haitian emigration to Cuba and the
Dominican  Republic during the first three decades of this century, and to
suggest the central elements of a comprehensive explanation of these
population movements. Examination of this history provides a useful case
against which standard views of migration can be measured.
   Currently accepted approaches to the causes of migration focus on the
rationality of individual migrants. People move to find jobs, or to find
better jobs. They make a rational calculation of their interest in staying as
opposed to leaving. When the balance tips toward leaving, they go (Petersen,
1977). This approach is stated in different ways by different authors.

4  IMR  Volume XVIII, No. 1

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