17 Int'l Migration Rev. 4 (1983)

handle is hein.journals/imgratv17 and id is 1 raw text is: 









Refugee Resettlement:
Models in Action


C. Michael Lanphier
York University, Toronto


     A model of refugee resettlement containing two axes is pro-
     posed: volume of refugee intake and emphasis on economic or
     cultural adaptation. The resultant fourfold scheme yields three
     types of resettlement activities which can be sustained over a
     protracted period of time: large volume/primacy on economic
     adaptation; moderate volume/primacy on economic  adap-
     tation; moderate volume/primacy on cultural adaptation. Large
     volume/emphasis on cultural adaptation, however, is a type
     which is structurally unstable and in practice would modify
     into another form. Refugee resettlement practices of three
     major receiving countries, Canada, France, United States,
     reflect principles derived from these three stable types. France
     and Canada  exemplify moderate intake with emphasis on
     economic adaptation, although Quebec uniquely demonstrates
     moderate intake/emphasis on cultural adaptation. Practices in
     the United States overwhelmingly correspond to large vol-
     ume/emphasis on economic adaptation.

The experience of resettlement of refugees in Western nations has
been a prominent feature of foreign and domestic policies since the
conclusion of World War  II. The rates of refugee intake have
undulated from year to year and across countries as a result of
significant movements of population both in Europe and more
recently from Southeast Asia: In any event, the number of refugees
received by Western nations has been rising to an unprecedented
total in the past decade.
   This paper argues that a limited number of models of resettlement
 4    IMR Vol. 17. No. 1

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