16 Int'l Migration Rev. 4 (1982)

handle is hein.journals/imgratv16 and id is 1 raw text is: 




The   Relationship of U.S. Aid,
Trade and Investment to Migration
Pressures in Major Sending Countries

Thomas  K. Morrison  1
U.S. Agency for International Development

            It has often been suggested that U.S. foreign economic
            policies, includingthe areas of aid, trade and invest-
            ment, could be utilized to influence migration pressures
            in major sending countries. This study explores the
            feasibility of this proposition by examiningthe linkages
            between these U.S. economic instruments and migration
            push factors. These linkages are shown to be indirect,
            are often quite complex,  and  the final impact on
            migration, except perhaps in the long run, is probably
            small in most cases.

This study  explores the influence of U.S.  foreign assistance,
international trade and direct foreign investment on migration
pressures in those countries which send large numbers of migrants
to the U.S., especially the Caribbean, Central and South America
and Mexico. The  results should be useful to assess the past impact
of these U.S. economic  instruments on migration pressures and
also to shed light on whether these instruments can be used in the
future to influence migration pressures. Due to the breadth of
relationships considered, many of these relationships are addressed
in a cursory manner  that serves primarily to indicate areas for
future research.
  This study does  not address the question of whether current
levels of migration to the U.S. are beneficial to developing countries
or to the U.S. It investigates whether U.S. foreign economic policies
can have  an impact  on migration  push factors in the major

  1 Dr. Morrison, an economist with AID, appreciates the helpful comments of Charles B.
Keely, David North, Constantine Michalopoulos and Richard Sinkin. The views expressed
herein, however, are solely the author's responsibility and do not necessarily reflect those
of the U.S. government.


4   IMR  Volume 16 No. 1

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