13 Int'l Migration Rev. 4 (1979)

handle is hein.journals/imgratv13 and id is 1 raw text is: 


Conditions of Employment and

Income Distribution in Mexico as

Incentives for Mexican Migration to

the   United States: Prospects to the

End of the Century


John S. Evans
University of Alabama
Dilmus D. James
University of Texas, El Paso


     This paper examines the factors contributing to the flow of undocu-
     mented migrants from Mexico, demonstrating the problem to be
     both massive and enduring. The authors focus on the inadequate
     growth of productive employment, income inequality, and rapid
     population growth.


While immigration to the United States from Mexico has, in the past,
occurred in waves, the economic forces behind the current migratory flow
are so powerful and long-lasting in nature that the supply of potential
migrants can be expected to increase steadily for the foreseeable future,
even under favorable economic, social, and political conditions in Mex-
ico. Since there is little reason to expect the pressures for migration to
abate before the turn of the century, there is little justification for
believing that the flow of migrants will recede with the next economic
recession.
   Since economic theory raises some issues about the desirability of
illegal migration from Mexico and other Latin American countries in
terms of the welfare of the United States; and since the political environ-
ment in the United States is such that the migrants are frequently reputed
to be a net drain on the economy and a threat to political and social
stability, there are impelling reasons for resolving the economic issues
and forging an effective, consistent, and clear long-term policy for dealing
with the migration problem. The alternative is likely to be an atmosphere
4     IMR  Volume 13 No. 1

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