12 Int'l Migration Rev. 3 (1978)

handle is hein.journals/imgratv12 and id is 1 raw text is: 

The Economic Adaptation of

Immigrants: A New Theoretical


Anthony  H. Richmond
York  University, Toronto
Ravi  P. Verma
York  University, Toronto

     Classical functionalist theories of migration are compared in this
     paper with neo-Marxian  models and both are found inadequate to
     explain international trends in migration and the Canadian experi-
     ence of immigration  since World War  II. An alternative global
     systems model  of  international and internal migration is put
     forward  which  takes into account  the movements  within  and
     between  industrial and postindustrial societies, as well as move-
     ments from less developed to more developed areas.

Classical theories of migration and immigrant assimilation have been
derived from a functionalist approach to the study of society. In recent
years, these theories have been challenged by an essentially neo-Marxist
approach which  emphasizes elements of conflict and contradiction within
contemporary  capitalist societies. This paper examines models of interna-
tional migration and their implications for the economic adaptation of
immigrants  in the light of Canadian experience. It will be shown that
neither a functionalist nor a conflict model satisfactorily accounts for the
characteristics of immigrants coming to Canada and  their subsequent
economic  adaptation. Instead, a more comprehensive global systems
model  is advanced which  incorporates some elements from both the
functionalist and neo-Marxist approaches but also takes into account the
emerging characteristics of postindustrial societies.

'The research project on which this article is based is one of the 1971 Census Analytical
Studies funded by Statistics Canada and jointly sponsored by that agency and the Social
Science Research Council of Canada. The conclusions drawn are those of the authors, not
necessarily those of Statistics Canada.

                                     IMR   Volume  12 No. 1       3

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