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102 Iowa L. Rev. 2017 (2016-2017)
Aggressive Encounters & White Fragility: Deconstructing the Trope of the Angry Black Woman

handle is hein.journals/ilr102 and id is 2063 raw text is: 

  Aggressive Encounters & White Fragility:

             Deconstructing the Trope of

                 the Angry Black Woman

                     Ttinajones' & Kimberly Jade Norwood

     ABSTRACT: Black women in the United States   are the frequent targets of
     bias-filled interactions in which aggressors: (i) denigrate Black women; and
     (2) blame those women who elect to challenge the aggressor's acts and the bias
     that fuels them. This Article seeks to raise awareness of these aggressive
     encounters and to challenge a prevailing narrative about Black women and
     anger. It examines the myriad circumstances (both professional and social)
     in which aggressive encounters occur and the ways in which these encounters
     expose gender and racial hierarchies. It then explores how the intersectional
     nature of Black women's identities triggers a particularized stereotype or trope
     of the Angry Black Woman and explains how this trope is often invoked in
     aggressive encounters to deflect attention from the aggressor and to project
     blame onto the target. After discussing the harmful effects of aggressive
     encounters and the absence of effective legal mechanisms to address them, the
     Article sets forth tangible steps that individuals can take to minimize their

1.     INTRODUCTION          ........................................... 2018

       INTERSECTIONAL   ANALYSES     ................................. 2022
       A.   HisTORTCAL ERASURE     .....................      ......... 2023
       B.   CONTEMPORARY   EXAMPLES.       ...........   .................. 2026

     *  Professor of Law, Duke University School of Law. I would like to thank my research
assistants, Kevin Zhao and Gloria Liu, for their excellent contributions to this Article. I am also
grateful to D. Wendy Greene, C.T. Woods-Powell, and my amazing sisters in Ladies Who Love
Books for their probing insights and generous guidance.
    -   Henry H. Oberschelp Professor of Law and Professor of African & African American
Studies, Washington University. I want to thank my husband, Ronald Alan Norwood, Esquire, for
his insights and editing. I also want to thank all of the Black women whose stories appear here,
for their willingness to have their stories told.


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