72 Nw. U. L. Rev. 854 (1977-1978)
Contracts: Adjustment of Long-Term Economic Relations under Classical, Neoclassical, and Relational Contract Law

handle is hein.journals/illlr72 and id is 870 raw text is: Copyright 1978 by Ian R. Macneil                            Printed in U.S.A.
Vol. 72, No. 6
CONTRACTS: ADJUSTMENT OF LONG-TERM
ECONOMIC RELATIONS UNDER CLASSICAL,
NEOCLASSICAL, AND RELATIONAL CON-
TRACT LAW
Ian R. Macneil*
I.  INTRODUCTION   .......................................................  854
II.  DISCRETE TRANSACTIONS: CLASSICAL CONTRACr LAW ........          856
A.   The Nature of Discrete Transactions ......................  856
B. Adjustment and Termination of Economic Relations
in a System of Discrete Transactions ......................  859
C.   Classical Contract Law and Discrete Transactions ......    862
]I.   VARIATIONS FROM THE DISCRETE TRANSACTION:
NEOCLASSICAL CONTRAT LAW ...................................   865
A.   Planning Flexibility into Long-Term Contractual
Relations and the Neoclassical Response .................  865
B.   Conflict between Specific Planning and Needs for
Flexibility: The Neoclassical Response ...................  873
C.   Planning for Nondisruptive Dispute Settlement:
The Neoclassical System and Prevention
of D isruption  ..................................................  876
D.   Terminating Economic Activities and Allocating
Losses from Termination ....................................  880
E.   Overview of the Limits of a Neoclassical Contract
Law  System  ....................................................  883
IV.   CONTRACTUAL RELATIONS: RELATIONAL CONTRACT LAW ....             886
A.   Presentiation and Discreteness in
Contractual Relations .......................................  887
B.   Processes for Flexibility and Change in
Contractual Relations .......................................  889
C.   The Substance of Change in Contractual Rela-
tions  ............................................................  895
D.   Termination of Contractual Relations .....................  899
V .  SUMMARY    ............................................................  900
APPENDIX: TRANSACTIONAL AND RELATIONAL AXEs ..................        902
INTRODUCTION
This article concerns the constant clash in modern economic struc-
tures between the need for stability and the need to respond to change. I
* Ingersoll Professor of Law, Cornell Law School; B.A., University of Vermont, 1950;
J.D., Harvard University, 1955.
I This paper has grown out of prior published work and of working papers prepared for a
number of conferences and seminars: Conference of Polish and American Jurists, Lancut,

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing nearly 2,700 academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.



Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline with pricing starting as low as $29.95

Access to this content requires a subscription. Please visit the following page to request a quote or trial:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?