About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

103 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1163 (2009)
Executing Retributivism: Panetti and the Future of the Eighth Amendment

handle is hein.journals/illlr103 and id is 1169 raw text is: Copyright 2009 by Northwestern University School of Law                       Printed in U.S.A.
Northwestern University Law Review                                            Vol. 103, No. 3
EXECUTING RETRIBUTIVISM: PANETTI AND THE
FUTURE OF THE EIGHTH AMENDMENT
Dan Markel
IN TRO D UCTIO N  ...........................................................................................................  1163
I.   UNDERSTANDING    PANETI .................................................................................. 1168
A .  Panetti and  Its  R oots  .................................................................................  1169
B.   Understanding Panetti's Retributivist Reasoning ...................................... 1173
C.   M isrepresenting  Retributivism  .................................................................. 1179
I1.  A COMMUNICATIVE ACCOUNT OF RETRIBUTIVE PUNISHMENT ............................ 1182
A.   Holding Agents Responsible for Choices of Unlawful Actions .................. 1184
B.   Effectuating Equal Liberty Under Law ..................................................... 1186
C.   Retributivism  's  Internal Lim its .................................................................. 1189
D. Retributive Punishment as Distinct from Revenge .................................... 1190
III. COMMUNICATIVE RETRIBUTIVISM AND THE DEATH PENALTY ............................. 1192
A.   Contingent Retributivist Challenges to Capital Punishment ..................... 1192
B.   Categorical Retributivist Challenges to Capital Punishment .................... 1195
C.   O bjections  Considered  .............................................................................. 1202
IV. PANETTI AND THE FUTURE OF THE EIGHTH AMENDMENT ..................................... 1205
A.   Panetti as Death Knellfor the Death Penalty: Why Communicative
M inim alism   D oesn't  W ork  ...................................................................... 1206
B.   Panetti and the End of Penal Agnosticism ................................................. 1212
C O N CLU SION   ..............................................................................................................  122 1
INTRODUCTION
Whom may a state execute? In a recent case, Panetti v. Quarterman,
the United States Supreme Court decided that only those defendants who
rationally understand why they are being executed are in fact fit for capital
K D'Alemberte Professor of Law, Florida State University; A.B., Harvard College; M.Phil., Univer-
sity of Cambridge; J.D., Harvard Law School. For comments and conversations on earlier versions of
this Article, I am grateful to participants at workshops at FSU and Amherst College, and to Wendi Adel-
son, Kelli Alces, Doug Berman, Curtis Bridgeman, Beth Scrappy Coco Burch, Michael Cahill, Jack
Chin, Danielle Citron, Robin Craig, Joshua Dressier, Ian Farrell, Chad Flanders, Steve Garvey, Adam
Hirsch, Alyssa Lathrop, Ethan Leib, Wayne Logan, Linda Ross Meyer, Marc Miller, Julian Davis Mort-
enson, Michael O'Hear, Gregg Polsky, Alex Reinert, Alice Ristroph, Austin Sarat, Chris Slobogin, Mary
Sigler, Shelley Smith, Scott Sundby, Bob Weisberg, Lesley Wexler, and Ron Wright. In addition, I owe
thanks to the editing team at the Northwestern University Law Review for their patience and diligence.
Comments welcome: markel@post.harvard.edu.

1163

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing nearly 3,000 academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.



Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline with pricing starting as low as $29.95

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most