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24 Int'l J. on Minority & Group Rts. 1 (2017)

handle is hein.journals/ijmgr24 and id is 1 raw text is: 


 BRILL                    RIGHTS 24 (2017) 1-23
NIJHOFF                                                         brill.com/ijgr

The   Limit of Narratives: Ethnicity and Indigenous

Rights in Papua, Indonesia

        Irene I Hadiprayitno
     Universiteit Leiden, The Hague, The Netherlands


As in many countries in Asia, the concept indigenous is a highly contested term in
Indonesia. The government is of the opinion that Indonesia is a nation that has no
indigenous peoples, or that all Indonesians are equally indigenous. The article aims to
analyse the role and the paradox of using ethnic narratives, i.e. distinct social, econom-
ic or political systems, as well as language, culture and beliefs as their material and po-
litical basis, in the articulation of indigenous rights. Upon discussing a case study from
Papua, Indonesia, it is observed that the use of ethnic narratives does create opportu-
nity structures necessary for the struggles of indigenous rights. However, the salience
of these endeavours is shaped by how these groups, their autonomy and marginalisa-
tion are positioned in the wider context of development, sovereignty and territoriality,
which make them also dependent on the design and orientation of the state.


indigenous peoples - human rights - ethnicity - agricultural modernisation - Papua,

I       Introduction

The  struggles for the rights of indigenous peoples have begun long before
the General Assembly  in 2007 adopted the United Nations Declaration of the
Rights of Indigenous  Peoples (UNDRIP).  The  Declaration asserts that in-
digenous peoples  and individuals have the right to belong to an indigenous
community   or a nation, in accordance with the traditions and customs of the
community   or nation concerned; they also have the right to determine their

@ KONINKLIJKE BRILL NV, LEIDEN, 2017  DOI 10.1163/15718115-02401004

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