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5 Issue 1 Int'l J.L. Mgmt. & Human. 806 (2022)
The Guiding Principle of Peace: Panchsheel

handle is hein.journals/ijlmhs15 and id is 890 raw text is: International Journal of Law) Management & Humanities

The Guiding Principle of Peace: Panchsheel
India and China have far more similarities than any other two nations. Both nations have
rich histories and cultures. The uncanny resemblance between communities, ideas and
philosophies. A true spirit of the neighbourhood. The journey of these two great nations
has passed through many roadblocks; history is evident that the relations between them
weren't always so sour. One of the guiding principles of this peaceful existence is
Panchsheel. The present article discusses the meaning of Panchsheel, its origin, the Sino-
Indian agreement of 1954 and Prime Minister Nehru's aspirations of friendship with
China. The article also addresses the question of whether China stood up to the principles
of coexistence or whether it was India's little bubble.
It is evident from history that the Indo-Chinese relations weren't as sour as they seem today.
The dragon and the elephant have had many similarities in terms of geography, population, and
tradition. Many leaders of both nations have time and again expressed their nation's admiration
for the other. Mao Zedong himself once spoke to the Indian ambassador about an ancient belief
in China that if a man lived a good life he would be reborn in India.2 This article focuses on
one such agreement of mutual cooperation between India and China and evaluates its relevance
in the present political scenario as a reflection of its impact in the past.
Panchsheel, also known as the five principles of Peaceful Coexistence, were the basis of a
historic agreement signed between India and the People's Republic of China. The five
principles are:
1. Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty.
2. Mutual non-aggression.
3. Mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs.
4. Equality and mutual benefit.
5. Peaceful co-existence.3
1 Author is a student at Unitedworld School of Law, Karnavati University, India.
2 K. M. Panikkar, 'In Two Chinas: Memoirs of a Diplomat', George Allen and Urwin (London, 1955)
3 Boutros Boutros Ghali, 'The Five Principles' (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of People's Republic of China, 14
June 2004 https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfaeng/topics_665678/seminaronfiveprinciples_665898/tl40589.shtml
© 2022. International Journal of Law Management & Humanities        [ISSN 2581-5369]


[Vol. 5 Iss 1; 806]

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