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8 Indian J.L. & Just. 108 (2017)
Impact of Outer Space Activities on the Global Environment: Issues and Remedies under International Space Law

handle is hein.journals/ijlj8 and id is 118 raw text is: 









IMPACT OF OUTER SPACE ACTIVITIES ON THE GLOBAL
     ENVIRONMENT: ISSUES AND REMEDIES UNDER
                 INTERNATIONAL SPACE LAW

                                                     Usasi Bannerjee1
                                    Prof. (Dr.) Rathin Bandyopadhyay2


I. Introduction
       The origin of space law can be traced back to the time when
Satellite Sputnik -1 was launched on Oct 4, 1957. From then the world
started a new way of thinking. Though the Space Law is still in its nascent
form, it is an evolving branch of the International Law. It has been
developing under the aegis of the United Nations of General Assembly. The
exploration and its importance were long recognised. The silent race
between the USA and the Soviet Union was much in evidence. The USSR
took the first tiny step with the launch of the Sputnik satellite on October 4,
1957. Compared to the current utilisation, exploitation and future plans for
space, it was indeed a 'baby' step. The Sputnik satellite was a polished metal
sphere of a mere 58 cm diameter with four external radio antennae, and it
was launched into a low earth orbit. The signals from the satellite lasted only
till October 26, 1957, for only 22 days, as the batteries got discharged.
Hence the technological claim to fame of the Sputnik satellite was that it
was the first satellite launched into space and not really for any other reason.

II. Concept of Air Space and Outer Space
2.a) Outer Space: The concept of outer space has no single accepted and
technical definition. There are some proposed definitions of outer space,
like; any of space beyond limits determined with reference to the
boundaries of a celestial body or system, especially the region of space
immediately beyond Earth's atmosphere and Inter-planetary space3. There
are different opinions and definitions of Outer Space and upper Atmosphere
as given in relation to legal language. There are interchangeable terms
having different legal and scientific meaning like Space, Outer Space, Air
Space, Extra-Territorial Space, Cosmic Space, Extra-Atmospheric Space,
World Space, Contiguous Space, Territorial Space etc. So there is urgent
need to have a single universally accepted definition of Outer Space, to


I LL.M. Dept. of Law. University of North Bengal
2 Professor, Dept. of Law and Head, Dept. of Management, University of North
   Bengal.
3 Outer space, available at http://www.thefreedictionary.com/outer+space (last
   visited on January 28,2016)

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