2 Int'l J. Discrimination & L. 1 (1996-1997)

handle is hein.journals/ijdisclw2 and id is 1 raw text is: 




International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 1996, Vol. 2, pp. 1-2
1358-2291/96 $10
 1996 A B Academic Publishers. Printed in Great Britain

EDITORIAL

In this issue the focus is primarily on South Africa and Northern Ire-
land. Eugenia Date-Bah reviews the work of the ILO Inter-
Departmental Project on Equality for Women in Employment. The
aim of the project is to develop a framework for gender equality
policy, enhance the relevance of legal measures and to generate ways
of assessing and measuring differences. So far policies have been
fragmentary. What is required is a strong supportive legislative
framework and enforcement mechanism. Gender-sensitive labour
market and training policies need to be developed. The insights from
the Project are of particular relevance to South Africa and the whole
southern African sub-region. She stresses the importance of a pro-
active gender equality policy and emphasizes the role of the ILO in
providing assistance and advice.
     Linda Human examines recent debates on affirmative action in
South Africa. She offers a conceptual analysis of affirmative action in
the South African context and considers how legislation might be
drafted, implemented and used and examines the possible role of an
Equal Opportunities Commission. The problems with voluntary
approaches are considered. She defines affirmative action and con-
siders the legislative requirements arising from such a definition as
well as theoretical and practical problems.
     Jane Winter reviews the protection of human rights in Northern
Ireland in the context of the peace process. She is critical of parties
engaged in the peace process because of their failure to understand
the crucial role of human rights as an instrument of progress and
their failure to take human rights seriously. Her discussion includes
a consideration of the emergency laws, the treatment of political
prisoners and problems with policing.
     While Jane Winter sees human rights as crucial to the peace
process, Christine Bell focuses on social justice in the light of the
forthcoming review of the Fair Employment (Northern Ireland) Act
1989 by the Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights,
which is due for completion in 1996. The Review included commis-
sioning of research, holding seminars and receiving submissions. Bell
uses the submission of the Committee on the Administration of Just-
ice, to suggest issues which should be addressed by the Fair Employ-
ment Review. She scrutinizes the background to the Fair Employ-
ment Act and ways of assessing fair employment policies. She
stresses the importance of articulating concepts of equality underpin-
ning anti-discrimination measures and the need to approach religious

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