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12 IJCA 1 (2021)

handle is hein.journals/ijca12 and id is 1 raw text is: Chakim, M. Lutfi, 'Organzational Improvement of the Indonesian
International Journal            Constitutional Court: Reflections on Appointment, Supervision,
For Court Administration         and Dismissal of Justices' (2021) 12(l> International Journal for
Court Administration 1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36745/ijca.308
ACADEMIC ARTICLE
Organizational Improvement of the
Indonesian Constitutional Court: Reflections
on Appointment, Supervision, and Dismissal
of Justices
M. Lutfi Chakim*
Since its establishment in 2003, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia (the CCI)
has been playing an important role in securing basic democratic order, the rule
of law and fundamental rights protection in Indonesia. Despite its achievements,
however, the Indonesian constitutional adjudication system also has raised public
comments and criticisms, due to deficiencies in the organizational system, includ-
ing appointment, supervision, and dismissal of constitutional justices. The aim
of this article is to evaluate the Court's organizational system by finding the
problems and challenges faced by the Court. To give maximum protection to the
fundamental rights of citizens in Indonesia, it is imperative that the CCI should
improve its role and performance, while the current organizational problems can
be solved using a comparative study with constitutional courts in other countries.
The article proceeds to offer proposals for improving the CCI's organizational
system, such as improving the justices' appointment system and strengthening the
ethics supervisory system of justices.
Keywords: Organization; Appointment; Supervision; Dismissal; Constitutional
Justice; Constitutional Court; Indonesia
1. Introduction
The constitutional reform in Indonesia started in 1998 with a regime change from an
authoritarian to a democratic state,' and one of the developments resulting from the consti-
tutional reform is that Indonesia created a new constitutional court. The Constitutional Court
of Indonesia (the CCI) was established under the third amendment of the 1945 Constitution
* Constitutional Court of Indonesia, ID, chakim@mkri.id
After the Suharto's fall in 1998, the People Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat, MPR)
amended the constitution four times in 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2002.

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