2016 Int'l Bus. L.J. 27 (2016)
Anti-Suit Injunctions and Ohada Arbitration: A Procedural Avenue to Be Explored for the Protection of the International Litigant

handle is hein.journals/ibuslj2016 and id is 29 raw text is: 






















                                   Benoit LE BARS*



Anti-suit injunctions; Common law; International arbitration; OHADA


L'anti-suit injunction, d6velopp6e dans les systemes
juridiques de common law, est un m6canisme qui permet
d'emp6cher la saisine d'une juridiction 6trangere dont la
comp6tence est consid6r6e comme inappropriee par le
juge, tout en favorisant I'unit6 de la proc6dure.1 Elle consiste
en une d6cision pronongant une injonction de ne pas faire
ayant pour objet d'interdire  une partie d'introduire ou de
poursuivre une instance devant une autre juridiction.2

Son apparition dans le cadre de proc6dures arbitrales n'a
pas manqu6 de faire d6bat, dans le contexte frangais, en
raison de son caractere intrusif I'6gard des parties et, plus
globalement, du systeme judiciaire dans lequel la juridiction
6trangere vient s'inscrire. Le juge anglais justifie son
pouvoir de prononcer une telle injonction, d'une part par
I'existence d'une comp6tence pour prononcer des
injonctions in personam, des lors que le d6fendeur
I'injonction se trouve sur le territoire anglais et, d'autre
part, par la n6cessit6 de r6parer le pr6judice subi par le
d6fendeur r6sultant de la violation d'un devoir juridique
pr6existant.4

Malgr6   les  difficult6s qu'elle peut  susciter,  I'anti-suit
injunction est consid6r6e comme conforme   I'ordre public
international frangais depuis I'arr6t Wolberg de la Cour de
cassation du 14 octobre 2009.2 Dans la pratique, lorsqu'une
des parties   I'arbitrage introduit une proc6dure devant une


Anti-suit injunctions, developed by the common law
system, prevent the filing of a claim with a foreign court
that lacks jurisdiction, according to English judges, so
that there is only one legal proceeding. Anti-suit
injunctions are decisions preventing a party from filing
or pursuing a claim in another jurisdiction.




Their use in arbitration proceedings has sparked
debate in France because of their intrusive nature as
regards the parties and, more generally, because of
the judicial system in which the foreign decision is
implemented. English judges justify their power to
grant such an injunction, on the one hand, on the basis
of their power to issue an injunction in personam so
long as the defendant resides on English territory; and,
on the other hand, on the basis of the need to com-
pensate the defendant for the damages incurred as a
result of the breach of a pre-existing legal duty.





In spite of the difficulties they may create, anti-suit
injunctions have been considered to accord with the
French conception of international public order since
the Wolberg decision, rendered by the Court of Cas-
sation on 14 October 2009. In practice, whenever a
party to the arbitration proceedings initiates a


* Avocat associe, Lazareff Le Bars, Paris.


RDAI/IBLJ, N01, 2016


 2016 Thomson Reuters (Professional) UK Limited and Contributors


< ANTI-SUIT INJUNCTION > ET ARBITRAGE OHADA:
     UNE VOlE PROCEDURALE A EXPLORER POUR
     PROTEGER LE JUSTICIABLE INTERNATIONAL

ANTI-SUIT INJUNCTIONS AND OHADA ARBITRATION: A PROCEDURAL
        AVENUE TO BE EXPLORED FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE
                             INTERNATIONAL LITIGANT

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