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4 Hum. Rts. Q. 110 (1982)
Militaray Regimes and Rights in Developing Countries: A Comparative Perspective

handle is hein.journals/hurq4 and id is 120 raw text is: RESEARCH NOTE

Military Regimes and Rights in Developing
Countries: A Comparative Perspective
Conway Henderson
The myth of a group of dedicated military professionals taking over from
corrupt, inefficient civilians in developing countries and setting things right
has been effectively challenged by the literature of the 1960s and 1970s. Not
only have many writers questioned the rationales of military elites for their
coups, but convincing evidence has been amassed to show that military
regimes are not more effective in policy areas such as economic moderniza-
tion than were the prior civilian governments.1 While most of the literature
has been devoted to explaining the reasons for military coups and the failure
of military rule to cope with economic woes in developing countries, an
occasional writer has referred to the relationship between military rule and
democratic practices.2 In fact, part of the rationale for military intervention
My colleague, Choong Lee, has given the author much valuable assistance in computer pro-
gramming and data analysis.
1. Examples of literature that deal with the causes of military coups and which compare
their policy performances with civilian governments are S. E. Finer, The Man on Horse-
back: The Role of the Military in Politics (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1962); Morris
Janowitz, The Military in the Political Development of New Nations: An Essay in Com-
parative Analysis (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1964); Henry Bienen, ed.,
The Military Intervenes: Case Studies in Political Development (New York: Russell Sage
Foundation, 1968); Eric A. Nordlinger, Soldiers in Mufti: The Impact of Military Rule
Upon Economic and Social Change in the Non-Western States, American Political
Science Review 64 (1970) 4:1131-48; Robert W. Jackman, Politicians in Uniform:
Military Governments and Social Change in the Third World, American Political
Science Review 70 (1976) 4:1078-97; R. D. McKinlay and A. S. Cohan, Performance and
Instability in Military and Non-military Regime Systems, American Political Science
Review 70 (1976) 3:850-64; Samuel Decalo, Coups and Army Rule in Africa: Studies in
Military Style (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976); Kim Quaile Hall, Military Role
Versus Military Rule: Allocations to Military Activities, Comparative Politics 11 (1979)
3:371-77.
2. For example, see Finer, The Man on Horseback, pp. 36-37; Janowitz, The Military in the
Political Development of New Nations, p. 104; Edwin Lieuwen, Generals versus Presi-
dents: Neomilitarism in Latin America (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1964), p. 110; and
Aristide R. Zolberg, Military Intervention in the New States of Tropical Africa:
Elements of Comparative Analysis, in Henry Bienen, ed., pp. 88-89.

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