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1 Hum. Rts. Brief 1 (1994)

handle is hein.journals/huribri1 and id is 1 raw text is: HUMAN RI6HTS
The Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

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Wa\;Ihigion ikJg t~aw *The Anjeir( i(Ytni v~'ii
Suriname Faces Past Human Rights Violations
by Claudia Martin and Franfoise Roth

s in most Latin American
countries, the newly elected
Surinamese government is con-
fronted with past human rights viola-
tions perpetrated under the previous
military regime.,
While, to date, it has failed to bring
human rights abusers to justice,
Suriname was recently the subject of a
decision by the Inter-American Court
of Human Rights (the Court). The
Aloeboetoe et al. case, rendered on
September 10, 1993, determined the
compensation to be paid to the sur-
vivors of seven Saramaca Maroon men
killed by the military in 1987.
The troubled political situation
experienced by this former Dutch
colony following its independence in
1975 ended, in May 1991, with the
inauguration of a democratically elect-
ed President. The election took place
five months after a December 1990
army putsch overthrew what was the
first democratically elected govern-
ment in the South American republic
since 1980. Nevertheless, as recently
reported by the U.S. State Department,
the Government took no action to
investigate past human rights viola-
tions.
See pages 6-7 for
Point/Counterpoint on the
War Crimes Tribunal

During the last years of Dersie
Bouterse's dictatorship, former army
sergeant Ronny Brunswijk launched an
uprising in the eastern and southeast-
ern provinces to overthrow the military
government. His guerilla group, known
as the Jungle Commando, was com-
prised mostly of Maroons (descendants
of escaped African slaves who fled into
the interior between the 16th and 18th
centuries to avoid recapture). In the
final years of conflict at least 200 peo-
ple, mostly civilians, were killed, over
10,000 refugees were driven into neigh-
boring French Guiana, and the med-
ical and educational infrastructure of
the region were destroyed.
The events that gave rise to the
Aloeboetoe et al. case took place on
December 31, 1987 during this period
of turmoil when a group of soldiers
attacked unarmed civilian Maroons in
a counterinsurgency operation in
Atjoni in the north of Suriname. Seven
of the Maroons were dragged, blind-
folded and driven off in a military vehi-
cle on suspicion of belonging to the
jungle Commando. A few kilometers
continued on page 10

Vohuine 1c NI~ e Xt 1 I  S;pr ill  19)
Commission Evaluates
Administration of Justice in Peru
by Antonio Maldonado and Diego Rodrique
he United States and Peru
recently reached an unprece-
dented agreement permitting
an independent commission of human
rights experts to examine the adminis-
tration ofjustice in Peru following the
April 5, 1992, auto-coup by Peruvian
president Alberto Fujimori. In an
effort to concentrate power in the
executive branch, Fujimori dismissed
the Peruvian congress, the majority of
judges and public prosecutors, and the
Tribunal de Garantias Constitucionales
(Tribunal of Constitutional Guarantees).
The United States responded to the
coup d'etat by freezing most U.S. aid to
Peru. The agreement worked out by key
congressional leaders and the Clinton
administration calls for the restoration of
aid to Peru if, inter alia, it implements
the commission recommendations.
This has never been done before,
says American University professor
Robert Goldman, who was selected to
chair the commission. Other people in
Congress are looking at the commission
continued on page 9

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