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40 Hous. J. Int'l L. 461 (2017-2018 )
The Roboticization of Warfare with Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems (LAWS): Mandate of Humanity or Threat to It

handle is hein.journals/hujil40 and id is 485 raw text is: 










THE ROBOTICIZATION OF WARFARE WITH
       LETHAL AUTONOMOUS WEAPON
         SYSTEMS (LAWS): MANDATE OF
         HUMANITY OR THREAT TO IT?

                     Nicholas W. Mull, Esq.*


I. INTRODUCTION.           ...........................   ....... 462

II BACKGROUND             ..................................  471
      A.  Historical Development  of Weapons  Law.................. 471
      B.  LAWS   Defined and  Contemporary   Examples  of
          Autonomy   in Weapon  Systems .................. 475
          1. Definition of LAWS  and  Taxonomy   of
             Autonomy        .......................    ........ 475
          2. Current  Weapon  Systems  with  Autonomous
             Features       ...........................   ..... 484
      C.  Contemporary   Efforts in the LAWS Debate.  ............. 487

III. ANALYSIS          ......................................... 491


* The author is a former Major and Judge Advocate in the U.S. Marine Corps practicing
public international law and national security law. He served for sixteen years; more than
twelve years of which on active duty from 2004-2016, and he deployed twice in support of
Operation Iraqi Freedom between 2005-2007. He is a graduate of The Marine Corps
University's Expeditionary Warfare School and Command & Staff College in addition to
his legal training. His most recent assignment was as the Head of the Operational Law
Department, International & Operational Law Division, Office of the Judge Advocate
General of the Navy, Pentagon, where he served as a member of the Department of
Defense Law of War Working Group and the Naval Arms Control Review Board and was
a legal advisor on matters of the law of war and international law generally. One of his
primary missions was to conduct legal reviews of all new weapons and weapon systems
for the Department of the Navy. J.D., Wayne State University Law School, Order of the
Coif; LLM, Columbia Law School, James Kent Scholar. DISCLAIMER: any opinions or
analysis are those of the author and are not necessarily representative of viewpoints of the
Department of Defense or Department of the Navy and U.S. Marine Corps.


461

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