19 Hous. J. Int'l L. 317 (1996-1997)
A Response to Adam Roberts

handle is hein.journals/hujil19 and id is 329 raw text is: A RESPONSE TO ADAM ROBERTSt
Although Adam Roberts agrees with much of the analysis in
my book, Animals, Property, and the Law,' he is critical of
several significant aspects of my thesis.2 Mr. Roberts's criticisms
are not surprising. Mr. Roberts is an employee of the Animal
Welfare Institute (AWl) in Washington D.C.-an organization
that I explicitly criticize throughout my book as representing
views that I regard as logically, legally, and morally problematic.
Unfortunately, Mr. Roberts chose not to disclose his employment
with AWI.3 In any event, Mr. Roberts's review highlights the
very real theoretical disagreements between my view, which
supports the notion of animal rights, and Mr. Roberts's view,
which defends the view known as animal welfare.
In Animals, Property, and the Law, I argue that although
animals are regarded as property, the law reflects the moral
reality that animals are relevantly different from other sorts of
property. Dogs can feel pain; tables and chairs cannot. In recog-
nition of animal sentience, the law developed certain restrictions
on the use humans may make of their animal property. For the
most part, the law reflects the moral theory of animal welfare,
t Editor's note: The Houston Journal of International Law would like to
make the following correction to Mr. Adam Roberts's review of Professor Gary L.
Francione's book Animals, Property, and the Law, appearing at 18 HOUS. J. INTL L.
595:
Mr. Roberts works as a Research Associate for the Animal Welfare Institute
in Washington, D.C. Mr. Roberts represented to HJIL that he wanted his
professional affiliations withheld in order to protect his individual intellec-
tual freedom to review Professor Francione's book from outside the institu-
tional perspective of his employer. Mr. Roberts's notes that the views
presented in the review are exclusively his own and should in no way reflect
upon the above-named organization.
The Houston Journal of International Law respectfully apologizes for the omission
of Mr. Roberts's complete biographical data.
1. GARY L. FRANcIONE, ANIMALS, PROPERTY, AND THE LAW (1995) [hereinafter
FRANcIONE, ANIMALS, PROPERTY].
2. Adam M. Roberts, Animals, Property, and the Law, 18 HOUS. J. INTL L. 595
(1996) (book review).
3. In the biographical footnote, Mr. Roberts describes himself as a lobbyist
and researcher for animal protection issues. Roberts, supra note 2, at 606 n.* Mr.
Roberts's affiliation with AWI was originally contained in his biographical footnote,
but this information was subsequently deleted at Mr. Roberts's request.

317

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