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61 Howard L.J. 341 (2017-2018)
Blocking the Means to Exploit: Ending Kafala under the Principle of Sadd al-Dhara'i

handle is hein.journals/howlj61 and id is 359 raw text is: 









         Blocking the Means to Exploit:
    Ending Kafala Under the Principle of
                    Sadd al-Dhara'i



             FARAZ   SIDDIQUI* &  ALEEA  STANTON**


    I. A BRIEF   POLITICAL AND SOCIOECONOMIC
       HISTORY OF THE GULF STATES......             ......... 344
       A.  The Rise of the Gulf States................... 344
       B.  Recent Trends in the Gulf .................... 346
       C.  The History of Kafala in the Gulf States .......... 347
       D.  Case Study: The Kafala System of Saudi Arabia....  349
   II. ISLAMIC   PRECEPTS ON LABOR AND LABOR
       LAW...................................... 350
       A.  Work  and Labor ...      ..............    ....... 352
       B.  Worker-Employer  Relationship ..................... 353
       C.  Worker  Rights and Responsibilities................. 354
       D.  Workers Compensation   ............................. 355
       E.  State's Obligations..................................  355
       F.  Contractual Obligations............................. 356
       G.  Human  and  Civil Rights      ..................... 357
       H.  Labor Practices Under the Caliphate ............   358
  III. SADD   AL-DHARA'I        .......................... 359
  IV.  RECOMMENDATIONS - AND CHALLENGES -
       FOR  REFORMS         ............................. 364

    * Faraz Siddiqui, J.D., M.P.H., is a graduate of Howard University School of Law, Class
of 2017. He currently works as a healthcare lawyer in Washington, D.C. Faraz has a Master's in
Public Health from Johns Hopkins University and has worked to provide health and legal ser-
vices to refugees, disaster survivors, the homeless, and minorities. Faraz was born and raised in
Kuwait.
   ** Aleea Stanton, J.D., B.S.C.J., is from Buffalo, New York. She graduated from Howard
University School of Law in 2017 and also has a Bachelor's in Criminal Justice from Hilbert
College. She currently works as a general litigation lawyer, with a focus in anti-trust pre-merger
preparation. Aleea maintains an active pro bono roster covering asylum and freedom of speech
issues.
2018 Vol. 61 No. 2


341

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