59 Howard L.J. 55 (2015-2016)
We Stood on Their Shoulders: The First African American Attorneys in Texas

handle is hein.journals/howlj59 and id is 61 raw text is: 









  We Stood on Their Shoulders: The First
    African American Attorneys in Texas



  JOHN G. BROWNING* AND CHIEF JUSTICE CAROLYN WRIGHT**


INTRODUCTION .............................................  56
    I. ALLEN W. WILDER-THE FIRST AFRICAN
       AMERICAN LAWYER IN TEXAS? ..................         59
   II. W .A . PRICE ...........................................       63
   III. JOHN N. JOHNSON, AUSTIN CRUSADER         ......... 68
   IV. GEORGE FREMONT-FIRST AFRICAN
       AMERICAN MEMBER OF THE SAN ANTONIO
       B A R ....................................................     70
   V. J.H. WILLIAMS AND THE TRAILBLAZERS IN
       D A LLA S ...............................................      73
  VI. OTHER EARLY AFRICAN AMERICAN
       ATTORNEYS ACROSS THE STATE .................         79
       A. After Wilder, Other Brenham Lawyers ............. 79
       B. William Henry Twine ...............................           83
 VII.  H O U STON .............................................      84
 VIII. JOSEPH CUNEY, GALVESTON PIONEER ..........           85
 IX. MEDIA CONCEPTIONS OF TEXAS' EARLY
       BLACK LAWYERS ....................................   87
CON  CLU SION  ................................................       94
APPENDIX-A NOTE ON SOURCES .......................          95

    * John G. Browning is a shareholder in the Dallas law firm Passman & Jones. He is a
graduate of Rutgers University and the University of Texas School of Law. An adjunct law
professor at both SMU Dedman School of Law and Texas Tech University School of Law, he is
the award-winning author of several books and numerous articles on legal issues.
   ** Chief Justice Carolyn Wright presides over the Fifth District Court of Appeals in Dal-
las, the largest intermediate court of appeals in Texas. A graduate of Howard University School
of Law, Chief Justice Wright has served in the judiciary for more than 30 years, and was the first
African-American woman in Texas history to be elected in a multi-county election. She is the
recipient of numerous professional awards for her contributions to the law and the community,
and in 2014 was inducted into the Texas Women's Hall of Fame.
2015 Vol. 59 No. I

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