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8 Homicide Stud. 3 (2004)

handle is hein.journals/homcst8 and id is 1 raw text is: 











                   Guest Editor's
                Introduction-Part 2


This issue is the second of two issues of Homicide Studies that
devote special attention toward the study of regional variations in
homicide rates. Region and culture remain at the core of homicide
research, yet evidence of cultural influences on violence has been
highly debated. The theme of the volumes is, What is missing in
the study of region, culture, and homicide? In this volume, two
articles address this important theme, with each article offering
its own unique position.
  Lee and Bartkowski advocate that civil engagement is missing
from much  of the homicide literature, and they propose that par-
ticipation in civic institutions is one way to reveal community-
level social capital and social-control dynamics. They argue that
communities  differ in levels of civic participation, reflecting com-
munity-wide  cultural orientation, investment in social capital,
and presence of informal and formal social control, which will
affect homicide rates. Acknowledging that participation in com-
munity-based  institutions differs by age and region, they exam-
ine two types of participation (secular and religious) on age-spe-
cific homicide rates. They find that faith-based civic engagement
lowers both the adult and the juvenile homicide rates and that
secular forms of civic participation reduced adult homicide. Simi-
lar to the article by Ellison, Burr, and McCall that appeared in the
previous issue, the impact of region on homicide declines consid-
erably when the level or the type of religious and secular partici-
pation is accounted for. Overall, Lee and Bartkowski's research
highlights the lack of attention toward civic participation in much
of the macrolevel homicide research, as well as introduces age
differences into the regional study of violence.
  Using National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) data,
Chilton attempts to explore whether the code of honor as described
by Elijah Anderson is a potential indicator of murder, assault, and
robbery, primarily in South Carolina and Iowa. Chilton's research

HOMICIDE STUDIES, Vol. 8 No. 1, February 2004 3-4
DOI: 10.1177/1088767903259528
@ 2004 Sage Publications
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