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21 Homicide Stud. 3 (2017)

handle is hein.journals/homcst21 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Article

                                                                     Homicide Studies
                                                                  2017, Vol. 21(1) 3-20
Fatal Factors for                                               2016 SAGE Publications
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                                                          DOI: 10.1177/1088767915624948
Offenders, and             Context                         journals.sagepub.com/home/hsx
                                                                       @SAGE


Janice   E. Clifford, Melissa J. Tetzlaff-Bemiller2*,
John   P. Jarvis3,  Lin  Huff-Corzine4, Greg S. Weaver',
and   Jay Corzine4




Abstract
This research examines how  victim and offender characteristics, as well as contextual
factors are related to the lethality of assaults for children less than 5 years old. The
National  Incident-Based Reporting System  (NIBRS)  data for 2006 to  2011  were
analyzed using logistic regression techniques to estimate two models designed to
explore factors associated with the death of preschoolers. Results indicate that the
probability of fatality is significantly influenced by victim and offender characteristics,
victim-offender relationship, weapon used, time of incident, and region of the United
States in which the incident occurred.


Keywords
child homicide, fatal child abuse, child victimization, violent crime, assault, NIBRS



Introduction

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), homicide has been
the third leading cause of death in the United States for children ages one through four
every year since 2007 (CDC,  2007-2011). Compared   with all industrialized nations,


iAuburn University, AL, USA
2University of Memphis, Jackson, TN, USA
3Federal Bureau of Investigation, Quantico, VA, USA
AUniversity of Central Florida, Orlando, USA
*Both authors contributed equally to this work.
Corresponding Author:
Janice E. Clifford, Department of Sociology, Auburn University, 7030 Haley Center, Auburn,
AL 36849, USA.
Email: cliffje@auburn.edu

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