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17 Homicide Stud. 3 (2013)

handle is hein.journals/homcst17 and id is 1 raw text is: 

Articles


                                                                    Homicide Studies
                                                                        17(1) 3-26
Do    legitimate         polities                             @2013 SAGE Publications
                                                               Reprints and permission:
have fewve r homicides?                                sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
                                                         DOI: 10.1177/1088767912452131
A   cross-national analysis                                      http://hs.sagepub.com
                                                                      $SAGE


Amy E. Nivette' and Manuel Eisner'



Abstract
This research is concerned with developing and testing models of political legitimacy
as a predictor of homicide on the cross-national level. Specifically, we used Bruce
Gilley's (2006) theoretically driven indicator of political legitimacy to examine its
direct and moderating effects on homicide. This measure is available for 65 nations,
and is composed  of indicators representing a state's capacity to obey its own laws
(legality), the degree to which civil and political values coincide (justification), and the
level of behavioral consent of the people (consent).After controlling for a number of
widely acknowledged  predictors, legitimacy was found to be significantly negatively
related to homicide.


Keywords
comparative  methodology,  structural causes, inequality structural causes, cross-
cultural methodology, correlates


Introduction
More  than a decade ago, Gary LaFree (1998) proposed that the dramatic rise in street
crime in postwar United States was due to the declining legitimacy of political, eco-
nomic, and family institutions. He argued that as perceived illegitimacy grew, social
controls failed and crime increased. This problem of losing legitimacy is familiar to
researchers of civil conflict, war, and political violence. Scholars in Latin America
(Huggins, 1991; Kruijt & Koonings, 1999; Palacios, 2006; Prez, 2003/2004), Africa
(Englebert, 2002; Fanon, 1965) and Eastern Europe (Karstedt, 2003; Sergeyev, 1998)
have been investigating the problem of legitimacy and violence for years. Historical

'University of Cambridge, CB, UK

Corresponding Author:
Amy E. Nivette, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, Sidgwick Avenue, Cambridge,
CB3 9DA, UK
Email: aen34@cam.ac.uk

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