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15 Homicide Stud. 3 (2011)

handle is hein.journals/homcst15 and id is 1 raw text is: 



                                                                  Homicide Studies
                                                                      15(1) 3-31
Linking      Criminal History                                 21  AEPbiain
                                                            @ 201II SAGE Publications
                                                      Reprints and permission: http://www.
to   Crime       Scene      Behavior                 sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
                                                        DOI: 10.1 177/1088767910397281
in  Single-Victim           and    Serial                      http://hsx.sagepub.com

Homicide: Implications for                                            SAGE

Offender Profiling Research




Carrie   Trojan'   and   C.Gabrielle Salfati2



Abstract
Research has consistently shown that the average individual who commits one or
more  homicides is likely to have a criminal record, but little research has focused on
whether individuals behave in a psychologically or thematically consistent way in both
their homicide crime scene actions and prior offending. The current study examines the
crime scene behaviors of single and serial homicide offenders to identify patterns
that can be compared to themes  in their prior offending. The results showed that
crime scene actions occurred on a continuum from hostile to cognitive actions with
serial offenders concentrating at the latter end of this continuum. However, only
a small group of the serial homicide offenders committed similarly themed prior
offenses and homicide behaviors, which raises questions regarding the hypotheses of
behavioral consistency underlying offender profiling.


Keywords
Homicide, serial homicide, criminal history, crime scene behavior, smallest space
analysis, multidimensional scaling analysis


Introduction
Offender profiling assumes a homology between the characteristics of an offender and
the behaviors they engage in at the crime scene. These assumed relationships are set
forth in what is sometimes referred to as the A to C equation in which A are the

'Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY
2john Jay College of Criminal justice, New York, NY

Corresponding Author:
Carrie Trojan, Department of Sociology, Western Kentucky University, 1906 College Heights Blvd.
No. 11057, Bowling Green, KY42101-1057.
Email: carrie.trojan@wku.edu

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