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14 Homicide Stud. 3 (2010)

handle is hein.journals/homcst14 and id is 1 raw text is: 


Articles
                                                                      Homicide Studies
                                                                          14(1) 3-23
Killings of Police            in   U.S. Cities                 © 2010 SAGE Publications
                                                         Reprints and permission: http://www.
since      1 980: An       Examiination                 sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
                                                           DOI: 10.1 177/1088767909353258
of   Environmental and                                             http://hs.sagepub.com

Political Explanations                                                  $SAGE




Stephanie L. Kent'



Abstract
Most  research on killings of police in urban areas attempted to link lethal violence
against officers to the violence and disorder in the communities they work.Yet support
for this relationship is inconsistent. Fewer studies considered whether local political
arrangements  affect killings of police.This study attempts to remedy this gap by using
recent data to investigate the relationship between the political conditions of large U.S.
cities and the number of homicides of police officers in the line of duty in the years
1980, 1990, and 2000. Negative binomial regression analyses suggest that racial income
inequality and the size of the Black population are positively associated with killings
of police but cities with African American mayors have less killings. Police killings of
citizens are also positively related to officer killings.The results largely support political
explanations and uncover  time-contingent effects of segregation on violence against
state representatives.


Keywords
police, homicide, racial threat, social control


What  macrosocial factors predict lethal violence against the police? The research on
this topic has produced disparate findings depending on the unit of analysis or period
studied (see Kaminski, 2004  for a comprehensive review), but many  criminologists
report a relationship between the level of community violence and occupational risk
of death. In other words, lethal violence against the police may result from working
with dangerous populations.


'Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH

Corresponding Author:
Stephanie L. Kent, Department of Sociology, Cleveland State University, 212 1 Euclid Avenue, Rhodes
Tower 1721, Cleveland, OH 44115-2214
Email: s.l.kent59@csuohio.edu

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