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11 Homicide Stud. 3 (2007)

handle is hein.journals/homcst11 and id is 1 raw text is: 





                                                                       IFebruary 2 007 3-14
                                                                       2007 Sage~ Pulications

Male Serial Homicide
                                                                               hosted at
The Influence of Cultural                                           http//oiliiecsagepub.com

and Structural Variables

James  DeFronzo
University of Connecticut, Storrs
Ashley  Ditta
Northeastern  University, Boston
Lance  Hannon
Villanova University, Pennsylvania
Jane  Prochnow
Massey  University Auckland, New  Zealand



   Psychiatric approaches have usually been used to explain male serial homicide. But
   multifactor explanations of the phenomenon suggest that aspects of culture and social
   structure may also play important roles. The current study attempts to evaluate the mul-
   tifactor approach by examining whether cultural and structural variables might con-
   tribute to explaining the considerable interstate differences in the incidence of male
   serial killer activity. Separate analyses were conducted for two different state-level
   male serial killer rates, one based on the state where male serial killers received their
   early socialization and the other based on the state where male serial killers murdered
   their largest number of victims. Consistent with the multifactor approach, the results
   indicated that aspects of culture and social structure were able to account for much of
   the male serial killer variation among states.

   Keywords:   serial homicide; culture; social structure; routine activities; subculture of
               violence



T   he  crime  of serial murder  has terrified and fascinated  tens of millions of
    people  around the world.  FBI agents John  Douglas,  Robert Ressler, and Roy
Hazelwood   and others have devoted much  of their careers to improving law enforce-
ment's capabilities of combating serial homicide. A number   of psychologists, psy-
chiatrists, and social scientists have contributed  to the scientific study of the
phenomenon by documenting case studies, helping to develop motivational and
behavioral typologies of offenders, analyzing the behaviors and other characteristics
of serial killers' victims, and attempting to formulate theories of the cause or causes


Authors' Note: Direct correspondence to James DeFronzo, Department of Sociology, U-Box 2068,
University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269.


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