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2 Health & Just. 1 (2014)

handle is hein.journals/hlthjs2 and id is 1 raw text is: Shafer et al. Health and Justice 2014, 2:1

Health & Justice

U   R Spe A
A cluster randomized trial of an organizational
process improvement intervention for improving
the assessment and case planning of offenders: a
Study Protocol

Michael S Shafer-, Michael Prendergast, Gerald Melnick, Lynda A Stein, Wayne N Welsh
and the CJDATS Assessment Workgroup

Correspondence: michael.shafer@asu.edu
Arizona State University, School of Social Work, 500
Phoenix, AZ 85004-2135, USA
.              @2014 Shaf
i       Springer                 Attribution u

Ird Street, Suite 200,

er et al., licensee Springer. This is an open access artide distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons
cense (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction
m, provided the original work is properly cited.

Background: The Organizational Process Improvement Intervention (OPII), conducted by the NIDA-funded Criminal
Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies consortium of nine research centers, examined an organizational intervention
to improve the processes used in correctional settings to assess substance abusing offenders, develop case plans,
transfer this information to community-based treatment agencies, and monitor the services provided by these
community based treatment agencies.
Methods/Design: A multi-site cluster randomized design was used to evaluate an inter-agency organizational process
improvement intervention among dyads of correctional agencies and community based treatment agencies. Linked
correctional and community based agencies were clustered among nine (9) research centers and randomly assigned
to an early or delayed intervention condition. Participants included administrators, managers, and line staff from the
participating agencies; some participants served on interagency change teams while other participants performed
agency tasks related to offender services. A manualized organizational intervention that includes the use of external
organizational coaches was applied to create and support interagency change teams that proceeded through a
four-step process over a planned intervention period of 12 months. The primary outcome of the process improvement
intervention was to improve processes associated with the assessment, case planning, service referral and service
provision processes within the linked organizations.
Discussion: Providing substance abuse offenders with coordinated treatment and access to community-based services
is critical to reducing offender recidivism. Results from this study protocol will provide new and critical information on
strategies and processes that improve the assessment and case planning for such offenders as they transition between
correctional and community based systems and settings. Further, this study extends current knowledge of and
methods for, the study of evidence-based practice adoption and implementation.
Keywords: Correctional treatment systems; Assessment; Case planning; Change teams; Facilitators;
Multi-site cluster randomized design

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