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22-27 Harv. L. Rec. 1 (1956-1958)

handle is hein.journals/hlrec2127 and id is 1 raw text is: Law. Wecor
Ten Years' Service to the Harvard Law School Community

VOL. 22. NO. 1
Forum Meets
In Discussion
Of Socialism
Norman Thomas, the foremost spokcs-
man of American socialism, and John Dos
Passos, an apostate from the revolution-
ary socialism on which he once banked
his whole career as a novelist, will debate
The Future of American Socialism at a
meeting of the Harvard Law School
Forum   in Sanders Theatre tomorrow
night at 8 P.M.
Tbe meeting of tomorrow is the first
of the new term and first under the direc-
tion of the Forum's new president, Joseph
Fisch, 3L of New York City. It will matcs
two men who were leaders in the upsurge
of American left-wing strength during the
inter-war period, but wlose idelogical
paths have diverged sharply in recent
Prominent Socialists
Mr. Thomas, although no longer the
leader and Presidental candidate of the
Socialist Party, is still active in the affairs
of that organization. He is president of
the corporation which publishes the Call,
tile party journal, and he is frequently a
speaker for socialist causes.
Mr. Dos Passos, an author of more than
30 books, including such novels as Alan.

Norman Thomas
hattan Transfer and the 42nd Parallel, was
a writer whose social criticism was in the
tradition of Tseodore Dreser and Upton
Sinclair. In the words of Max Eastman,
himself a one-time radical polemicist who
(See FORUM on page three)

Francis A. Allen
Judges Wanted
All second and third year students are
eligible to judge arguments in the
spring series of the Ames Competition.
Volunteers should see the receptionist
at the Board of Student Advisers office
in Austin Hall by February 13.
This spring's competition will fea-
ture a reply brief system and single jur-
isdiction causes from a particular state,
rather than from Ames. Both teams will
simultaneously file initial briefs. Each
team will then be given the option to
file a reply brief.
Course To Be Offered
In New York Practice
The Practicing Law Institute will offer
a five-weekend course at Harvard in New
York practices, starting on March 9 and
concluding April 7, it was announced last
week by Dean Erwin N. Griswold.
As in years past, the annual course will be
open to third-year students at Harvard and
at the three other law schools in the Bos-
ton area-Boston College, Boston Univer-
sity and Northeastern.
Students Like It
The course will be conducted by Samuel
H. Silverman of the firm of Paul, Weiss,
Rifkind, Wharton, and Garrison. He has
given the course in previous years, and
Student reaction, according to Dean
Griswold, has always been favorable.
Each weekend's work will consist of
two sessions-one on Friday evening from
7:30 to 9:30, and another on Saturday
afternoon from 2:00 to 4:00.

Kaufman Clears Calendar;
Counsel Blamed for Delay
Judge Irving R. Kaufman, United States District Court Judge in the
Southern District of New York, has added recently to his reputation as an
outstanding jurist by attacking one of the most difficult problems facing the
federal courts in this country. Along with the other judges of the District
Court, Judge Kaufman has instituted, developed, and administered with re-
markable success a project which is designed to alleviate the problem of con-
gestion of the trial calendar in the Southern District of New York.
Judge Kaufman was born in New Yorkc
in 1910 and was graduated from Fordham Committee, consisting of Judges Kaufman,
University School of Law in 1931. He was Ryan, and Dawson, was appointed by
connected with the United States At- Senior Judge William Bondy. Acting upon
torneys office in the Southern District of tie recommendations of this committee,
New York from 1935 to 1940. During the a new judge-controlled calendar system
forties Judge Kaufman set up a permanent was instituted. The results were startling:
lobbying unit for the Department of in just two months judge Kaufman
Justice and served as its head from 1947 brought up so date a non-jury calendar
to 1948. Since 1949 he has served with which has been 30 months behind, and
distinction on tse bencs of the Federal similar success was experienced by Judge
District Coturt.                     Sylvester J. Ryan on the jury calendar.
This remarkable achievement has been ac-
Prior to September, 1955, the calendar complislhed largely by placing greater con-
of the District Court for the Southern trol over the trial calendar in tlse judges
District of New York was clogged with of the court, and by dint of extremely hard
a backlog of 10,735 cases. This backlog work on the part of Judges Kaufman
often meant a delay of several years until and Ryan.
trial. To remedy this situation, a Calendar  (See KAUFMAN on page four)

Y 2, 1956                                    PRICE TEN CENTS
Professor Allen Resigns;
Wechsler to Teach Here
Professor Francis A. Allen has handed in his resignation and will leave the
Law School at the end of June to accept a position at the University of Chi-
cago, it was announced by Dean Erwin N. Griswold this week.
E-'^ £tl  .  . . . . .   L.  - A . . .. .

Herbert Wechsler

Ouster of Segr
Defeated at AA

0 5 nit sun gap crcateu sy tse departure.
of Professor Allen and leaves of absence
scheduled for other faculty members next
year, Dean Griswold also announced the
appointment of two visiting professors to
serve at Harvard during the academic year
The two men who will teach at Harvard
next year are Professor John P. Dawson
of the University of Michigan Law School
and Professor Herbert Wechsler of the Law
egated Schools
LS Convention

A resolution to expel from the Association of American Law Schools those
institutions wlsich refuse to admit qualified Negro applicants was defeated
at the Association's annual meeting in Chicago last December.
The product of a committee under the chairmanship of Associate Dean
David F. Cavers of Harvard, the resolution resulted in a sharp division of the
110 member law schools. Fifty-two schools voted in favor, forty-four against,
asd eight abstained because of differences'
Is  opinion  witsin their faculties. Six Bevins          Announces
schools were absent from the meeting. A
two-thirds vote was required for adoption D onations           to    Fund
of the proposal, since it was in the form of
an amendment to the Articles of Associa-   More than 3850 contributors have given
tion.                                    $292,734 to the Law School Fund, accord-
The AALS has existed since 1900 and ing to the latest figures released by Assist-
serves as an accrediting agency of Amer- ant Dean Wesley E. Bevins. A    total of
ican law  schools, a similar role to the $121,544 out of this amount has been
American Bar Association's Committee on donated for unrestricted use, and will pay
Legal Education.                         for the alterations in Austin and Langdell
Accrediting Bureau            halls.
Accreditation  involves meeting  suc     Of the remainder, $68,000 will be used
standards as size of the law library, numb  for scholarships to be awarded next Sep-
of professors, lighting and seating capacities tember, and $98,500 will be added to the
of classrooms and libraries. Standard 11-4 present scholarship  endowment. When
declares that a faculty member should compared to the same period last year,
have academic freedom  . . .            these figures represent a 10%o gain in
Under this provision the University ot contributors and donors.
Mississippi Law School was excluded from   Last year, 6,016 contributors raised a
membership in 1930 as being under the total of $355,300. It is hoped that this year
political domination of the late Theodore the sixth since the beginning of the Fund,
Bilbo. In his committee report, Dean the number of contributors will reach or
Cavers cited this action a generation ago as exceed 7,000. Mr. Bevins is encouraged by
precedent for the current proposal.     the fact that four classes, '06, '34, '52, and
Before Dean Cavers took the floor last '53, are already ahead of their final totals
December as advocate of the measure, the for last year.
matter of segregation in Law Schools had
been before the Association in the formo Griswold                    W     ar
committee reports and resolutions dating
back to 1950. In 1951 the Association
amended its Articles, declaring one of its Between Law a
objectives to be: Equality of opportunity
in legal education without discrimination    Dean Erwin N. Griswold has calle
or segregation on the grounds of race or American Institute of Accounting ant
color.  Resolution Challenged           frictions arising in areas where the
Dean Cavers' resolution was promptly overlap.
challenged on a point of order by Prof.      Writing in the December issue of
George K. Gardner of the Harvard Law     sociation, Dean Griswold cautioned ag
School on the ground that the resolution hibition to accountants a     t      tieC
was not germanse to the purposes of the
Association. Tbis was defeated.
The issue was joined over use of the
coercive sanction as an effective means to
tbe accomplishment of the Association's ob-
jective. At the time of the debate and vote
there were fifteen law schools subject to the
possible sanction.
Five of these were state universities, al-
ready under a constitutional duty to admit
Negroes because of the Supreme Court de.
cision in Brown v. Board of Education of
Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954) and related
cases. The remaining ten are not as yet
subject to a constitutional duty, being pri-
vate institutions.
Three members of Cavers' committee of
nine, who had dissented from the majority
report took the floor to argue against the
Cavers proposal. Dean F. D. G. Ribble of
(See CAVERS on page three)                   Erwin N. Griswold

School of Columbia University.
Professor Dawson did his basic law
work at the University of Michigan Law
Scsool. He then studied at Oxford as a
Rhodes Scholar, and received the D.Phil.
degree from that University in 1930. He
has been a member of the Faculty of the
University of Michigan Law School since
1927. During the war, Professor Dawson
was Chief Counsel in the Rent Section of
sthe OPA.
Later, he was Chief of the Middle East
Division for the Foreign Economic Ad-
ministration, and held a similar position in
the State Department. During the year
1947-48, he was Foreign Trade Adminis-
trator for the Greek Government.
Professor Dawson's fields are Compara-
tive Law, Restitution, and Contracts. At
-Harvard his principal teaching assignment
swill be in the field of Comparative Law,
where fie will take over some of the work
of Professor Arthur von Mehren who will
teach next year in Japan.
Professor Herbert Wechsler received his
LL.B. degree at Columbia Law School in
1931. During the year 1932-33, he was law
clerk to Justice Harlan F. Stone. Since
1933, he has been a member of the faculty
of Columbia Law School. He was on leave
of absence from 1940-46, working in the
Department of Justice.
From 1944-46, he was Assistant Attorney
General of the United States. Professor
Wechsler is Reporter for the American
Law Institute's Model Code of Criminal
Law. His principal fields are Criminal
Law, Federal Jurisdiction, and Constitu-
tional Law, and he will teach courses in
these areas at the Harvard Law School.
Professor Allen will leave Harvard in
June after three years on the Law School
faculty. A graduate of the Law School at
Northwestern, Mr. Allen served as clerk
to the late Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson
from 1946-48.
From 1948 to 1952 he was on the Fac-
ulty of the Northwestern Law School. At
Harvard he has conducted courses in
Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, and
Real Transactions. He will continue with
these fields at the University of Chicago.
ns of Friction
nd Accounting
d for a closer association between the
d the members of the bar to reduce
functions of two professions tend to
the Journal of the American Bar As-
ainst misunderstanding the broad pro-
of law.
The Dean points out that the mere'
application of a statute, or regulation, or
court decision, can be capably handled by
accountants; and in the tax field, many, if
not most certified public accountants are
better qualified to handle many tax ques-
tions than a very considerable proportion
of the members of the Bar.
The certified public accountants are, as
a group, the best qualified in the account-
ing field, and the Dean warns that lawyers
must be vigilant in the public interest to
insure that completely unqualified persons
are not given what amounts to a federal
license to carry on substantial legal activi-
ties in the federal tax area.
As for tax planning, including such
problems as corporate adjustments and
reorganizations, family partnerships and
trusts, and other aspects of estate planning,
(See GRISWOLD on page four)

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