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130 Harv. L. Rev. 811 (2016-2017)
The President's Role in Advancing Criminal Justice Reform

handle is hein.journals/hlr130 and id is 825 raw text is: VOLUME 130                               JANUARY 2017                                    NUMBER 3
HARVARD LAW REVIEW
© 2017 by The Harvard Law Review Association
COMMENTARY
THE PRESIDENT'S ROLE IN ADVANCING
CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM
Barack Obama
CONTENTS
IN T R O D U C T IO N  ............................................................................................................................812
I. THE URGENT NEED FOR REFORM.................................................................................816
II. REFORMING THE FEDERAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM .......................................823
A. Achieving Reforms to Federal Charging and Sentencing Practices...........................824
i. Charging Policies and Smart on Crime ................................................................824
2.  Sentencing  R eform  Legislation  ..................................................................................826
B. Advancing Federal Prison Reforms ................................................................................830
C. Focusing on Reentry.........................................................................................................833
D. Reinvigorating Clemency .................................................................................................835
III. TOOLS AND ACTIONS TO DRIVE STATE AND LOCAL REFORMS .............................838
A. Advancing Policing Reform.............................................................................................840
B. Eliminating the Criminalization of Poverty..................................................................843
C. Spurring State Sentencing Reform and Justice Reinvestment....................................845
D. Keeping the Focus on Reform .........................................................................................846
E. Promoting Data-Driven Solutions..................................................................................848
F. Highlighting Ways the Juvenile Justice System Falls Short.......................................851
G. Creating Opportunities Through the My Brother's Keeper Initiative
and the Council on Women and Girls............................................................................853
IV. WORK UNFINISHED ............................................................................................................855
A. Pass Sentencing Reform Legislation...............................................................................855
B. Take Commonsense Steps to Reduce Gun Violence......................................................856
C. Address Opioid Misuse and Addiction as a Public Health Issue ..............................858
D. Strengthen Forensic Science and Identify Wrongful Convictions.............................86o
E. Improve Criminal Justice Data Collection....................................................................862
F. Restore the Right to Vote of Those Who Have Paid Their Debt to Society.............863
G. Make Better Use of Technology to Promote Trust in Law Enforcement....................864
C O N C L USIO N  .................................................................................................................................86

811

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