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7 How. J. 1 (1945-1949)

handle is hein.journals/hjcj7 and id is 1 raw text is: 

                            JoHm HowAno, 176-1790


           The Official Organ of the Howard League for Penal Reform


                                 Page                                     Page
 Peace and Penal Reform ..   ..     1     Care and Protection   ..    ..    11
 Poor Men at the Bar of Justice     2     Remand  Homes    ..   ..    ..    11
 Our Prisons .    . .   .    ..     3     Probation in the Colonies .       12
 Borstal to Dartmoor   ..    ..    10     Obituary   ..    ..   ..    ..    13

     PEACE    AND    PENAL    REFORM. The pacification of Europe and
Eastern Asia has begun  and famine and  epidemics-the enemies following on the
heels of war-are  taxing the energies of the conquerors. They are not the only
spectres which haunt us ; fear, hatred and lust for revenge poison the minds of
millions of defeated and victorious alike and constitute the greatest menace to the
human   race. In the harsh, heroic school of the Resistance, boys and girls have
learnt to admire and  to practise on a magnificent scale the virtues of courage,
endurance and loyalty. Their young brothers and sisters pressing on from childhood
to youth will find it hard to submit to law and accept the discipline of peace as their
elders gladly accepted those of war.
    All the causes of crime, hunger, cold, poverty, broken homes, children torn
from  their mothers in babyhood, insecurity of every kind exist over Europe on a
scale beyond our powers of comprehension and added to them are political hatreds
and  familiarity with violence which embitter and accentuate every other problem.
There  will be millions of  young offenders  in Europe. What will Europe do
with them?
    This is where penal reform comes in, not as a minor issue occupying the time
of a few cranks, but as a major problem nationally and internationally. The States,
if rulers are courageous enough, can raise the standards of justice and humanity
even in the worst of times and can recognise that the lawbreaker has a right not to
be degraded or demoralized at the hands of the law. The history of criminal law
and punishment shows that brutal penalties are impotent in the face of crime, harden
the victims, create criminals and degrade the State which inflicts them. It is a great
thing that Czecho-Slovakia, facing the terrible problem of dealing with violent and
dangerous young Nazi  hooligans, yet decided when planning for peace to keep the



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