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38 Harv. Int'l. L. J. 443 (1997)
Locating the International: Military and Monetary Interventions after the Cold War

handle is hein.journals/hilj38 and id is 449 raw text is: VOLUME 38, NUMBER 2, SPRING 1997

Locating the International:
Military and Monetary Interventions
after the Cold War
Anne Orford*
It is now a commonplace that the ending of the Cold War prefigured
major transformations in international law and international relations.
Perhaps the two most significant changes in international politics
resulting from the break-up of the Soviet Union have been the revi-
talization and expansion of the United Nations collective security
system, and the increased trade and financial liberalization enabled by
newly effective international economic institutions.
The collective security system, amongst other things, has come to
represent a means for the liberal alliance of democratic states to bring
human rights, democracy, and humanitarian principles to those in
undemocratic or failed states. The dominant liberal international con-
sensus is that collective humanitarian intervention has become neces-
sary to address the problems of local dictators, tribalism, ethnic ten-
sion, and religious fundamentalism thrown up in the post-Cold War
era. Surprisingly little attention has been paid, however, to the extent
to which the activities of international institutions, and particularly
international economic institutions, have affected political processes,
and thus may have contributed to the crises now facing the expanded
collective security system. The aim of this Article is to trace the
* Lecturer, Faculty of Law, The Australian National University. LL.M., University of London,
1992; LL.B., University of Queensland, 1988; B.A., University of Queensland, 1987.
Earlier versions of this Article were presented at the 1996 Academic Council on the United
Nations System/American Society of International aw Summer Workshop on Global Governance
at Brown University, 28 July-9 August 1996, and at the Globalisation and International Institutions
Seminar Series, Research School of Social Sciences, The Australian National University, 15
October 1996, and I am grateful to the participants and directors of those seminars fbr their
useful comments. Many thanks to Jennifer Beard for her research assistance, to Hilary Charles-
worth, Andrew Robertson, and Judith Grbich for derailed and valuable comments on earlier drafts
of this Article, to Ian Duncanson, Krysti Guest, and Andrea Rhodes-Little for discussions that
shaped and informed my ideas about military and monetary interventions, and to Wendy Forster,
Lynda Lee, and Glenda Waddell for much needed administrative assistance. Financial support for
this research was provided by the Australian Research Council.

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