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21 Harv. Int'l. L. J. 1 (1980)
Self-Determination and Free Association-Should the United Nations Terminate the Pacific Islands Trust

handle is hein.journals/hilj21 and id is 11 raw text is: VOLUME 21, NUMBER I, WNThR i980

Self-Determination and Free Association-Should
the United Nations Terminate The Pacific
Islands Trust?t
ROGER S. CLARK*
Introduction                                                     2
I. The Proposed Arrangements                                        8
a. The Marianas Commonwealth                                     8
b. The 198o Compact                                             II
Title I: Governmental Relations                              13
Title II: Economic Relations                                 20
Title III: Security and Defense Relations                    25
Title IV: General Provisions                                 31
Summary                                                         35
II. The Evolution of the Concept of Free Association               38
a. The Early Years: 1946-1952                                   40
b. Puerto Rico and the List of Factors (1953)                   41
c. The Kingdom of the Netherlands (z955)                        46
d. Resolutions 1514 and z541                                    49
e. The Cook Islands and Niue                                    54
f. The West Indies Associated States (1967)                     6o
g. The Principles Concerning Friendly Relations (i97o)          64
III. Assessment - Will it be Appropriate to Terminate the Trust?    66
a. The Hilo Principles and the 198o Compact                     71
b. The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands             75
c. Separation or Dismemberment                              78
IV. Conclusion                                                      83
t @ i98o by Roger S. Clark.
* Professor of Law, Rutgers School of Law at Camden; LL.M., J.S.D., Columbia Uni-
versity School of Law; BA., LL.M., Victoria University of Wellington. The author is a
member of the Board of Directors of the International League for Human Rights and has
represented the League in presenting material concerning the Trust Territory to the
Trusteeship Council and other United Nations forums. He is indebted to numerous United
States, Micronesian, New Zealand, and United Nations officials who supplied documents
and background material on the understanding that they would remain nameless. The
author also gratefully acknowledges the assistance of Ruben Kraiem and Armen R. Vartian
in the preparation of this article.

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