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28 Sec. & Hum. Rts. 1 (2017)

handle is hein.journals/helsnk28 and id is 1 raw text is: 

                SECURITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS 28 (2017) 123      SECURITY AND
 BRILL                                                         HUMAN RIGHTS
NIJHOFF                                                         brill.com/shrs

The Application of the OSCE Commitments

Relating to Migration and Integration in Italy

        Chiara Favili
        Associate Professor at UniversitA degli Studi di Firenze, Italy


The OSCE commitments agreed during several meetings held in the past years address
economic, political and social aspects of migration. As far as Italy, while the national
legal framework is almost in line with international standards, the adoption of prac-
tical measures, their implementation and the promotion of projects prove difficult.
Moreover, the increased exposure that Italy faces as a country lying on the external
maritime border of the European Union makes it more difficult to manage migration
flows via the sea.


migration - asylum - integration - OSCE Commitments - Italy

I       Introduction

Italy has been experiencing great difficulties in managing migration and asy-
lum flows. The structural weaknesses of Italian migration policy are under-
lined by the undeniable complexity of managing migration flows via the sea
and by the increased exposure that Italy faces as a country lying on the exter-
nal maritime border of the European Union (Eu). The existence of an area of
free movement within the Union, in fact, means that landing on the Italian
coast affords easy entry into, and then across, the entire EU.1

i Since 2015 a rising number of migrants, mostly refugees, began arriving to Europe, triggering
   the so-called 'EU migrants' crisis. The estimated figure of migrants who have arrived to Italy
   in 2015 is 153,842, in 2o16 is 181,436 and in 2017 is 119.369. Cruscotto statistico, www.intemo.gov.it,

( NHC, 2019 1 DOI 10.1163/18750230-02801007

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