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35 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 427 (2000)
Ghettoes Made Easy: The Metamarket/Antimarket Dichotomy and the Legal Challenges of Inner-City Economic Development

handle is hein.journals/hcrcl35 and id is 433 raw text is: Ghettoes Made Easy:
The Metamarket/Antimarket Dichotomy and the
Legal Challenges of Inner-City
Economic Development
David Dante Troutt*
The ghetto is ferment, paradox, conflict, and dilemma .... The
ghetto is hope, it is despair, it is churches and bars. It is aspira-
tion for change, and it is apathy. It is vibrancy. It is stagnation.
It is courage, and it is defeatism. It is cooperation and concern,
and it is suspicion, competitiveness, and rejection.1
I. Introduction
Although persistent inner-city poverty and underdevelopment have
outlasted decades of serious legal scholarship and advocacy, proving to
be largely unaffected by upturns in the economy, this Article offers a re-
newed commitment to legal perspectives on economic development. The
growing emphasis on economic development work by lawyers challenges
legal scholarship to erect a framework beyond traditional poverty and
civil rights law tenets by joining the law's unique contributions with the
many disciplines already active in community building or empowerment
efforts. Successful development of a multidisciplinary framework re-
quires comparative economic assessments that cross the ghetto's stark
boundaries into the middle-class communities in which most of us live.
In an influential article and theoretical anthem to the tastes guiding
middle-class life,2 Charles Tiebout characterizes individuals as con-
* Associate Professor of Law, Rutgers University School of Law (Newark); A.B., Stan-
ford University, 1986; J.D., Harvard Law School, 1991. I wish to thank John Payne for his
thorough and thoughtful insights, as well as Peter Simmons, fames Pope, and Sherry Colb
for their careful critiques of early drafts. I learned a lot from colleagues' comments during
a faculty colloquium at which this piece was presented. I am also indebted to Scott Blow
for his tireless research assistance, as well as to Patience Crowder, Stuart Turner, and all of
the students who debated these ideas during my spring 1999 seminar on Inner-City Eco-
nomic Development and Community Planning. As always, I reserve loving thanks and
deepest praise for Dr. Bobbye Vary Troutt, without whom none of this would be possible.
All of the mistakes are mine.
I KENNETH B. CLARK, DARK GHETTO: DILEMMAS OF SOCIAL POWER 11-12 (1965).
2See Charles M. Tiebout, A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures, 64 J. POL. ECON. 416
(1956).

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