16 J. Health Care L. & Pol'y 59 (2013)
Medical Marijuana Legislation: What We Know - And Don't

handle is hein.journals/hclwpo16 and id is 63 raw text is: MEDICAL MARIJUANA
LEGISLATION: WHAT WE KNOW-
AND DON'T
LINDA SIMONI-WASTILA*
FRANCIS B. PALUMBO**
I. INTRODUCTION
The use of marijuana as a medicinal agent available to individuals suffering
from pain, glaucoma, wasting syndromes associated with HIV and AIDS, nausea
from chemotherapy, and a host of other medical conditions and symptoms has
become more widely accepted.' Over the past decade, eighteen states and the
District of Columbia have adopted medical marijuana legislation (MML) that
allows citizens to register, cultivate, and/or otherwise procure marijuana for
personal medical use.2 Additionally, the Maryland Legislature has passed a bill
that, if signed by the Governor, would provide for distribution of medical
Copyright C 2013 by Linda Simoni-Wastila & Francis B. Palumbo.
* Linda Simoni-Wastila, BSPharm, MSPH, PhD, is a professor and Vice Chair of Research at the
University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research. I
thank my former graduate student Dr. Jingjing Qian for assistance in literature review in earlier work.
** Francis B. Palumbo, PhD, JD, is Professor of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research and
Executive Director, Center on Drugs and Public Policy, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy.
1. See, e.g., JANET E. JOY ET AL., MARUUANA AND MEDICINE: ASSESSING THE SCIENCE BASE 22-
24 (1999) (listing different disorders treated with marijuana at two California Cannabis Cultivators
Clubs); Sunil K. Aggarwal et al., Medicinal Use of Cannabis in the United States: Historical
Perspectives, Current Trends, and Future Directions, 5 J. OPIOID MGMT. 153, 156 (2009) (explaining
that studies show the therapeutic potential of cannabinoids).
2. Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia,
Hawaii, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode
Island, Vermont, and Washington have all adopted MML. ALASKA STAT.  17.37 (2010); ARIz. REV.
STAT. ANN.  36-2801-19 (Supp. 2012); CAL. HEALTH & SAFETY CODE  11362.5 (West 2007), 
11362.7-.9; COLo. CONST. art. XVIII,  14; COLO. REV. STAT. ANN.  12-43.3-101-106 (West 2012),
 18-18-406.3 (West 2012),  25-1.5-106 (West 2012); 2012 Conn. Acts 55 (Reg. Sess.); DEL. CODE
ANN. tit. 16,  4901a-4926a (2011); D.C. CODE  7-1671 (Supp. 2012); HAW. REV. STAT. ANN. 
329-121-128 (LexisNexis 2008 & Supp. 2011); ME. REV. STAT. ANN. tit. 22,  2421-2430-B (Supp.
2011); 2012 Mass. Legis. Serv. 369 (West); MICH. COMP. LAWS ANN.  333.26421-.26430 (West
Supp. 2012); MONT. CODE ANN.  50-46-301-344 (2011); NEV. CONST. art IV,  38; NEv. REv. STAT.
ANN.  453A.010-.810 (LexisNexis Supp. 2011); N.J. STAT. ANN.  24:61-1-16 (West Supp. 2012);
N.M. STAT. ANN.  26-2B-1-7 (LexisNexis Supp. 2011); OR. REV. STAT. ANN.  475.300-346
(2011); R.I. GEN. LAWS  21-28.6-1-12 (2011); VT. STAT. ANN. tit. 18,  4472-741 (LexisNexis
Supp. 2012); WASH. REV. CODE ANN.  69.51A.005-.903 (West 2012).

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