33 Hastings Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 385 (2010)
Human Trafficking: State Obligations to Protect Victims' Rights, the Current Framework and a New Due Diligence Standard

handle is hein.journals/hasint33 and id is 397 raw text is: Human Trafficking: State Obligations to
Protect Victims' Rights, the Current
Framework and a New Due Diligence
Standard
By VIVIANA WAISMAN*
In early January of 2010, Spain's Ministry of the Interior
announced that an ongoing operation by the national police had
broken up two major trafficking mafias that trafficked over 1,000
women for forced prostitution.1 Similarly in 2006, the same Ministry
announced that in a two-year period they had liberated 3,035
foreigners who    were forced    into  prostitution  -   victims of
trafficking in human beings.2 What happened to these women?
What options were available to them once they were freed from
their traffickers? What legal status are these women afforded in
Spain? Does Spain meet its obligations to respect, protect, and
promote the human rights of women who are trafficked into Spain
and are thus within its national jurisdiction?
Victims of trafficking suffer from gender discrimination and a
host of other human rights violations, including infringements of
the right to live free of violence, the right to physical integrity, the
* The author has a B.A. in political science from the University of California at
Berkeley, a J.D. from University of California, Hastings College of the Law and a
Masters in International Human Rights from Oxford University. She is co-founder
and executive director of Women's Link Worldwide. The author would like to
thank Felicity Kolp, Cristina Sdnchez Velazquez and Paloma Soria Montafiez for
their research and editing assistance. She would also like to thank Nico and Clara
Vergara for their patience and support.
1. M6nica Cebeiro Belaza, Dos golpes contra la explotaci6n sexual en Andalucia,
El Pais, Nov. 21, 2001, http://www.elpais.com/articulo/sociedad/golpes/
explotacion/sexual/Andalucia/elpepusoc/20100111elpepisoc 4/Tes (Spain).
2. Charo Nogueria, Espahia figura entre los principales destinos del trdfico de
personas, seg~n la ONU, El Pais, Apr. 30, 2006, http://www.elpais.com/articulo/
sociedad/Espana/figura/principales/destinos/trafico/personas/ONU/elpepisoc
/20060430elpepisoc_9/Tes/ (Spain).

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