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27 German Y.B. Int'l L. 28 (1984)
The Pipeline Affairs of 1981/82: A Case History

handle is hein.journals/gyil27 and id is 28 raw text is: 








                   The Pipeline Affair of 1981/82:
                               A Case History

                                  Klaus Bockslaff

   When President Reagan on December 30, 1981 announced his decision1 to
restrict the export of U.S.-origin oil and gas equipment and technology as
well as to suspend all licensing of controlled exports to the Soviet Union, he

  I Federal Register (Fed.Reg.) vol. 47 (1982) 141 (Jan. 5, 1982) reprinted in: International
Legal Materials (ILM) vol. 21 (1982), 859. The pipeline affair has been widely discussed by
different authors. Apart from the articles in the present volume by Detlev Vagts, The Pipe-
line Controversy: An American Viewpoint, in: German Yearbook of International Law (GYIL)
vol. 27 (1984), 38-53; A. V. Lowe, International Law Issues Arising in the Pipeline Dis-
pute: The British Position, in: GYIL vol. 27 (1984), 54-71; Pieter Jan Kuyper, The European
Community and the US Pipeline Embargo, Comments on Comments, in: GYIL vol. 27 (1984),
72-96; Karl Matthias Meessen, Extraterritoriality of Export Control: A German Lawyer's
Analysis of the Pipeline Case, in: GYIL vol. 27 (1984), 97-108; jiirgen Basedow, Private Law
Effects of Foreign Export Controls - An International Case Report, in: GYIL vol. 27 (1984),
109-141; see e. g. the comments made by:
  Bernhard Audit, Extraterritorialiti et commerce international: L'Affaire du Gazuduc
Sibirien, in: Revue Critique de Droit International Privi vol. 72 (1983), 401-434; James R.
Atwood, The Export Administration Act and the Dresser Industries Case, in: Law and Policy
in International Business (Law and Pol'y in Int'l Bus) vol. 15 (1983), 1157-1161; jilrgen
Basedow, Das amerikanische Pipeline Embargo vor Gericht, in: Rabels Zeitsdhrift ffir auslindisdies
und internationales Privatrecht vol. 47 (1983), 147-172; Tb. de Boer / R. Kotting, Der nieder-
lindische Richter und das US-Gasr~hren-Embargo, in: Die deutsche Rechtsprechung auf dem
Gebiete des internationalen Privatrechts [1984], 108-112; Brian G. Brunsvold / James M.
Bagarazzi, Licensing Impact of Foreign Policy Motivated Retroactive Reexport Regulations,
in: Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law (Case W. Res. J. Int'l L.) vol. 15
(1983), 289-328; James M. Diubler, US-Embargo und deutsches Unternehmensrecht, in:
Zeitschrift fir Rechtspolitik vol. 15 (1982), 285-288; Margaret Doxey, International Sanc-
tions in Theory and Practice, in: Case W. Res. J. Int'l L. vol. 15 (1983), 273-288; A. V.
Lowe, Public International Law and the Conflict of Laws: The European Response to the
United States Export Administration Regulations, in: International and Comparative Law
Quarterly vol. 33 (1984), 515-530; Daniel Marcus, Soviet Pipeline Sanctions: The Extra-
territorial Application of U.S. Export Controls, in: Law and Pol'y in Int'l Bus. vol. 15
(1983), 1169-1179; Homer Moyer / Linda Mabry, Export Controls as Instruments of Foreign
Policy, in: Law and Pol'y in Int'l Bus vol. 15 (1983), 1-171; Roberts B. Owen, Extraterri-
torial Application of U.S. Trade and Financial Controls: Freezings, Vestings, Embargos, etc.,
in: Wirtschaft und Redit vol. 35 (1983), 142-153; Gary H. Perlow, Taking Peacetime Trade
Sanctions to the Limit: The Soviet Pipeline Embargo, in: Case W. Res. J. Int'l. L. vol. 15
(1983), 253-272; David Z. Vance, Challenge to the Validity of Department of Commerce
Regulations Restrrcting the Export of Oil and Gas Equipment and Technology to the Soviet
Union - Temporary Restraining Order Denied, in: Tex. Int'l L. J. vol. 18 (1983), 203-219;
Alexander Vida, La dipendence technologique europeenne. Une etude sur l'embargo: L'affaire
du gazuduc sibirien, to be published in 1985 by Librairies Techniques, Paris; Jerome J. Zaucha,
The Soviet Pipeline Sanctions: The Extraterritorial Application of U.S. Export Controls, in:
Law and Pol'y in Int'l. Bus. vol. 15 (1983), 1169-1179.

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