About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

10 J. Int'l L. & Econ. 453 (1975)
World Implementation of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Treatment of Prisoners

handle is hein.journals/gwilr10 and id is 459 raw text is: WORLD IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNITED
The primary contribution of the United Nations to the cause
of world penal system guidance and improvement has been the
Standard Minimum Rules for Treatment of Prisoners, a set of
precepts now 20 years old and with an interesting and not unpro-
ductive history of impact and influence. Indeed, since compara-
ble rules or standards have not been enunciated by the United
Nations to guide the operation of law enforcement agencies, the
criminal courts, or the prosecution and defense of accused offend-
ers, it may be said that the Standard Minimum Rules constitute
the U.N.'s major standard-setting effort in the broad area of crim-
inal justice administration.' As such, the Rules, their evolution
and the extent of world implementation merit attention by those
concerned with the social defense function and the advantages
and limits of United Nations leadership in enunciating interna-
tional norms for more effective methods of crime prevention and
offender treatment. It is the purpose of this article to undertake
such a review. In so doing, discussion and analysis will focus on
four areas, i.e., (1) the background and adoptive history of the
Rules within the U.N. structure, (2) the extent of formal incorpo-
ration of the Rules or their substance in the correctional or penal
codes and regulations of member States, (3) the extent of world
implementation of the Rules in the actual administration of pris-
ons and correctional systems, and (4) the various national mecha-
nisms and remedies which are currently evolving or in use to
enforce the Rules or similar guaranties and codes of offender
*J.D., 1952 Harvard; Director, American Bar Association Commission on Correc-
tional Facilities and Services; Visiting Fellow, National Institute of Law Enforcement and
Criminal Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.
1. It is true that other codes such as the United Nations Universal Declaration of
Human Rights include guaranties which have direct relevance to convicted prisoners and
prison administrators (prohibition of inhuman or degrading punishment, freedom of reli-
gion and correspondence, etc.), but these do not purport to define the basic conditions
and rights under confinement of criminal offenders.

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing thousands of academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.

Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline.

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most