4 Global Resp. Protect 198 (2012)
Engendering the Responsibility to Protect: Women and the Prevention of Mass Atrocities

handle is hein.journals/gloresp4 and id is 207 raw text is: MARTINUS                                                          GI-R
NIJHOFF                                                                /
P U B L I S H E R s  Global Responsibility to Protect 4 (2012) 198-222  brill.nl/gr2p
Engendering the Responsibility to Protect:
Women and the Prevention of Mass Atrocities
Sara E. Davies and Sarah Teitt
Griffith University and University of Queensland
sara.davies@griffith.edu.au; s.teitt@uq.edu.au
Abstract
This article explores the relationship between the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and the
pursuit of the so-called 'Women, Peace and Security' (WPS) agenda at the UN. We ask
whether the two agendas should continue to be pursued separately or whether each can
make a useful contribution to the other. We argue that while the history of R2P has not
included language that deliberately evokes the protection of women and the promotion of
gender in preventing genocide and mass atrocities, this does not preclude the R2P and WPS
agendas becoming mutually reinforcing. The article identifies cross-cutting areas where the
two agendas may be leveraged for the UN and member states to address the concerns of
women as both actors in need of protection and active agents in preventing and responding
to genocide and mass atrocities, namely in the areas of early warning.
Keywords
Early warning, sexual violence, mass atrocities, crimes against humanity
In early 2009 UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon issued a report identify-
ing pathways for implementing the responsibility to protect - a principal
endorsed at the 2005 World Summit to protect populations from genocide
and other mass atrocities.' Although the report said relatively little about
the relationship between RP and women, it noted that UN Security
Council Resolutions 1612 (2005) and 1820 (2008) stated that rape and other
forms of sexual violence could constitute war crimes or crimes against
humanity, bringing them squarely under the ambit of R2P.2 As such, he
I Ban Ki-moon, 'Annual Address to the General Assembly', 25 September 2007, SG/
SM/11182.
2 Ban Ki-Moon, Implementing the Responsibility to Protect, Report of the Secretary-
General, (United Nations General Assembly, A/63/677, 12 January 2009), para. 34.

@) Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2012

DOI 10.1163/187598412X639700

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