4 Global Governance 485 (1998)
Quincy Wright and the Commission to Study the Organization of Peace

handle is hein.journals/glogo4 and id is 497 raw text is: Global Governance 4 (1998), 485-499

Quincy Wright and the
Commission to Study
the Organization of Peace
Robert P. Hillmann
n the late 1930s, as it became apparent that the world was once again
about to experience war on a global scale, a small group of people in
the United States and Great Britain viewed this event as an opportu-
nity to create a world government. They referred to this global system as
the new world order.' Among the supporters of this concept in the
United States were holders of some of the top political offices in the fed-
eral government, including President Franklin Delano Roosevelt,2 Secre-
tary of State Cordell Hull,3 and Under-Secretary of State Sumner Welles.4
To facilitate the creation of this world government, several organiza-
tions were established. They were closely associated with one another, and
many of the people involved served on several committees simultaneously.5
The nature of the groups was chameleon-like, and organizations would
change their names and objectives at the drop of a hat.6 One such group
was the Commission to Study the Organization of Peace (csoP). Its mem-
bers included people who were considered top in their respective fields-
professors from Ivy League universities, officers of large corporations, and
attorneys from some of the most respected law firms in the country.7
The commission was aided in its efforts by many highly placed indi-
viduals in the U.S. government, particularly in the Department of State.8
President Roosevelt also took an interest. Commission member Clark
Eichelberger met with the president on more than eight occasions to dis-
cuss the organization's work on behalf of world government.9 At two of
these meetings, Eichelberger reported that he personally handed FDR
copies of commission reports that outlined their ideas of what this new
world order should look like.'0 Eleanor Roosevelt agreed so completely
with the ideas and goals of the commission that she eventually became a
member.' '
Money and other kinds of support flowed freely to the commission's
coffers.12 The Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) agreed to air, free of
charge, weekly addresses by commission members and their guests. CBS
also offered them two full days of free air time, over its Columbia Network,
to broadcast the results of their work to the entire nation.'3

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