22 Global Governance 369 (2016)
A Catalyst for Cooperation: The Inter-Agency Standing Committee and the Humanitarian Response to Climate Change

handle is hein.journals/glogo22 and id is 377 raw text is: 

Global Governance 22 (2016), 369-387

     A   Catalyst for Cooperation: The Inter-

     Agency Standing Committee and the

 Humanitarian Response to Climate Change

                          Nina   W   T  Hall

    Climate change is predicted to lead to an increasing frequency of natural
    disasters and humanitarian emergencies, yet scholars have not examined
    how the humanitarian community is responding to this issue. This article
    examines its initial engagement with the climate change regime and finds
    it was remarkably coordinated. Humanitarian agencies coauthored sub-
    missions to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the
    leaders of major humanitarian organizations spoke on co-organized pan-
    els on the humanitarian perils of climate change. In fact, the overarching
    trend was cooperation, not competition, among humanitarian agencies.
    This is an intriguing finding as it runs counter to the dominant account of
    a humanitarian marketplace in which actors are constantly competing for
    resources. Instead, this article suggests that the Inter-Agency Standing
    Committee played a significant role in mobilizing and coordinating hu-
    manitarian organizations' initial efforts. It highlights how and to what ex-
    tent institutionalized cooperation between international organizations
    enables further cooperation in new issue areas and regimes. Scholars of in-
    ternational organizations, global environmental politics, and humanitari-
    anism will be interested in how cooperation emerged in the humanitarian
    regime and  shaped subsequent interaction with the climate change
    regime. Keywords: climate change, humanitarianism, international or-
    ganizations, cooperation, refugees, migration.

Haiyan, hit the Philippines on 8 November 2013. It broke all previous records
with wind speeds at landfall of 195 miles per hour, sea surges up to 13 feet,
and leaving 1.9 million people homeless.I This storm was part of a trend of in-
creasing hydro-meteorological disasters triggered by climate change, which
the 2014 International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report profiled. Hu-
manitarian agencies play an important role in addressing crises created by cli-
mate change, particularly when countries do not have the capacity to respond.
They have  offered assistance to people affected by natural disasters, be it ty-
phoons  in the Philippines, floods in Pakistan, or droughts in the Horn of
    Yet states established today's principal humanitarian international or-
ganizations with very distinct mandates that did not include responding to
climate change or natural disasters. The United Nations High Commissioner


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