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86 Geo. L.J. 2133 (1997-1998)
The President and the Independent Counsel

handle is hein.journals/glj86 and id is 2153 raw text is: The President and the Independent Counsel
BRETr M. KAVANAUGH*
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ...........................................  2134
I.  BACKGROUND ........................................  2138
A.  THE CURRENT LEGAL SCHEME ..........................  2138
1. The Policy Justification for a Special Counsel .......... 2138
2. Two Statutory Mechanisms for Appointment of Special
Counsels  ....................................  2139
B. ARE OUTSIDE FEDERAL PROSECUTORS EVER NECESSARY? ........ 2140
1.  An  Illusory  Debate  .............................  2140
2. The Deeply Rooted American Tradition of Appointing
Outside Federal Prosecutors .......................  2142
3. Outside Federal Prosecutors are Necessary in Some
C ases  .......................................  2145
II.  IMPROVING  THE  SYSTEM  ................................  2145
A. APPOINTMENT AND REMOVAL OF THE SPECIAL COUNSEL .......... 2146
1.  Appointment of the Special Counsel ................  2146
2.  Removal of the Special Counsel ...................  2151
B. THE CIRCUMSTANCES UNDER WHICH A SPECIAL COUNSEL SHOULD
BE  APPOINTED  ....................................  2152
C.  JURISDICTION  .....................................  2153
D.  REPORTS  ........................................  2155
E. INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION OF THE PRESIDENT ........... 2157
F.  THE PRESIDENT'S PRIVILEGES  ..........................  2161
1.  Non-Constitutional Executive Privileges .............  2163
2. Constitutionally Based Executive Privileges ........... 2166
3. The Relevance of Nixon to a Claim of Governmental
Attorney-Client or Work Product Privilege ............ 2172
* Mr. Kavanaugh served as Associate Counsel in the Office of the Whitewater Independent Counsel
from 1994 to 1997 and also for a period in 1998. The views reflected in this article are his own.
2133

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