79 Geo. L.J. 1355 (1990-1991)
A Normative Theory of Public Law Remedies

handle is hein.journals/glj79 and id is 1373 raw text is: ARTICLES
A Normative Theory of Public Law Remedies
SUSAN P. STURM*
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION    ...................................................  1357
I. PUBLIC REMEDIAL PRACTICE AND ITS DEPARTURE FROM
TRADITIONAL FORMS OF ADJUDICATION ..................... 1360
A. THE ROOTS OF PUBLIC REMEDIAL PRACTICE'S DEPARTURE
FROM TRADITIONAL ADVERSARY PROCESS ................ 1360
B. THE FORMS OF PUBLIC REMEDIAL PRACTICE ............. 1365
1. Processes Attempting to Adhere to the Traditional
Adjudicatory  M odel .................................  1367
2. The Bargaining Model ............................... 1368
3. The Legislative or Administrative Hearing Model ..... 1370
4. The Expert Remedial Formulation Model ............ 1371
5. The Consensual Remedial Formulation Model ........ 1373
C. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF PUBLIC REMEDIAL
DECISIONMAKING: A REPRISE ............................ 1377
II. BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE: THE
LEGITIMACY DEBATE AND THE NORMS OF PUBLIC REMEDIAL
PROCESS .....................................................  1378
A. THE PROCESS CRITIQUE: THE NORMS OF PARTICIPATION,
IMPARTIALITY, AND REASONED DECISIONMAKING ........ 1382
1. An Overview of the Dispute Resolution and Structural
Reform  Critiques  ....................................  1384
2. The Absence of a Jurisprudence of Remedial Process . 1388
3. Process Norms in the Public Remedial Context ....... 1390
a  Participation  .....................................  1391
b. Impartiality and Independence .................... 1397
c. Reasoned Decisionmaking ......................... 1399
Assistant Professor of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School. I want to thank Regina
Austin, Ed Baker, Stephen Burbank, Colin Diver, Michael Fitts, Frank Goodman, Lani Guinier,
Seth Kreimer, Howard Lesnik, Lynn Lopucki, Martha Minow, Steve Morse, Gerry Neuman,
Judith Resnik, Edward Rock, Michael Schill, Robert Schwartz, Elizabeth Warren, Barbara Wood-
house, and the participants in the University of Pennsylvania Ad Hoc Seminar for their invaluable
comments and suggestions on earlier drafts of this article. I am also grateful to Stephanie Lempp,
Peter Mendelson, and Stephanie Phillips for their excellent research assistance.

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