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14 Gonz. J. Int'l L. 1 (2010-2011)

handle is hein.journals/gjil14 and id is 1 raw text is: 











CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING THE SEPARATION BARRIER
   AND THE WALL CASE AND THEIR RELEVANCE FOR THE
               ISRAELI RIGHT OF SELF-DEFENSE

                         Yaroslav Shiryaev
I. IN T R O D U C T IO N   ...................................................................................... 1
II. APPLICABILITY OF THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS ......................... 3
      A . O ccu p atio n  ..................................................................................... 3
      B . The Situation  in  Palestine ..........................................................  5
      C. Occupation as Continuation of an Armed Conflict .................... 7
      D . The Last N ail Theory  ................................................................  8
      E. Palestine's Ratification of the Geneva Conventions and the
          Applicability of the First Additional Protocol ......................... 9
III. THE RIGHT OF SELF DEFENSE 1N RESPONSE TO ACTS OF
      T E R R O R   ...........................................................................................  10
      A . B ackground  .............................................................................   10
      B. Actions within the Occupied Territories are Properly
           Characterized as Acts of Terror ............................................. 13
      C. Addressing Terrorism in a Post 9/11 World .............................. 16
      D. Acts of Terror as an Armed Attack ........................................ 16
      E. Palestine's  Status  as  a  State .....................................................  19
      F. External Versus Internal Threats ............................................... 22
      G. The Wall as a Defensive Measure ........................................... 23
      H. Necessity and Proportionality  .................................................  26
      I. Justice  Israel's  W ay  ..................................................................  30
IV . THE  ICJ  CONSPIRACY  .........................................................................  33
V . C O N C LU SIO N   ...................................................................................  35


                         I. INTRODUCTION

    In 2004 the International Court of Justice (ICJ) proclaimed in a
decision that the wall being built in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, and



   1.   Yaroslav Shiryaev is the President of PubIntel SU Organization. He receieved his
LLM from the University of Aberdeen and BA from the University of Tartu. This paper is
dedicated to Kerli Valk, to whom I could not answer, whether construction of the Wall was
illegal or not.

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