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30 Geo. Envtl. L. Rev. 1 (2017-2018)
From Smokes to Smokestacks: Lessons from Tobacco for the Future of Climate Change Liability

handle is hein.journals/gintenlr30 and id is 3 raw text is: 






                             ARTICLES




From Smokes to Smokestacks: Lessons from
Tobacco for the Future of Climate Change Liability


MARTIN OLSZYNSKI,* SHARON MASCHER,** AND MEINHARD DOELLE***

                                  ABSTRACT

   In this Article, we imagine a future, circa 2030, wherein the world has
managed to avoid the worst climate change, yet has begun to experience
considerable warming. Governments of all levels, especially at the state and
provincial-level, are incurring unprecedented costs to mitigate the effects of
climate change and adapt to new and uncertain climatic regimes. We consider
how legislatures might respond to these imagined challenges. In our view, the
answer may lie in the unprecedented story of tobacco liability, and especially the
promulgation of state and provincial legislation specifically designed to enable
the recovery of the public healthcare costs of tobacco-related diseases in the
1990s. This Article delves into the legally-relevant differences and similarities
between the tobacco industry and the fossil-fuel industry. It also sets out the main
elements of a potential Climate Change Damages and Adaptation Costs Recov-
ery Act, mirroring similar legislation passed to combat tobacco-related issues. As
will be seen, the design of such legislation engages several complex legal issues,
implicating not only tort doctrine but also questions of legislative competence
and private international law. Nevertheless, our initial assessment is that such
legislation is both likely and feasible. Our analysis focuses primarily on Cana-
dian law but is relevant to other jurisdictions grappling with the increasing costs
of climate change mitigation and adaptation.






  * Assistant Professor, University of Calgary Faculty of Law. The authors are very grateful to Andrew Gage,
Lewis Klar, Vaughn Black, Elaine Wheaton and Michael Burger for their comments and suggestions. The
authors are also very grateful to the GELR student editing team for all of their hard work revising this Article.
© 2018, Martin Olszynski, Sharon Mascher, and Meinhard Doelle.
  ** Professor, University of Calgary Faculty of Law. Honorary Fellow, University of Western Australia
Faculty of Law.
  *** Professor, Dalhousie University Schulich School of Law.

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