16 Geo. Int'l Envtl. L. Rev. 209 (2003-2004)
The Environmental Causes and Consequences of Migration: A Search for the Meaning of Environmental Refugees

handle is hein.journals/gintenlr16 and id is 219 raw text is: GRADUATE NOTE
The Environmental Causes and Consequences of
Migration: A Search for the Meaning of
Environmental Refugees
DAVID KEANE*
CONTENTS
I.  Introduction .... ......................................        210
II. The Causes and Consequences of Environmental Migration ........  211
A. Natural Disasters ..................................... 211
B. Industrial Accidents .................................. 212
C. Armed Conflicts ....................................         213
III. Does International Law Protect Environmental Refugees? .........  214
IV. Does International Law Protect Environmentally Displaced Persons?.  217
V. The Environment or the Displaced Person: Whose Plight is being
Highlighted ............................................ 217
VI. The Consequences of Environmental Migration ................      219
VII. Are Environmental Refugees a Myth? .........................     220
A. The Environment as a Sole Cause of Migration .............   221
B. The Environmental Impact of Migration .................... 221
VIII. Conclusion ............................................          223
True refuge long last issueless scattered down four walls over backwards no
sound. All sides endlessness earth sky as one no stir not a breath. Blank planes
sheer white calm eye light of reason all gone from mind. Scattered ruins ash
grey all sides true refuge long last issueless.
- Samuel Beckett, Lessness (1968)'
* PhD Candidate, Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland, Galway, LLM (NUI
Galway), BCL (Law and French), University College Cork, Ireland. The author wishes to acknowledge the
funding received from the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences in the form of a
research scholarship.
1. Originally published in French as SANS (1968).

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